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The purpose of this article is to critically review and synthesize the literature on the effects of nonpharmacological cognitive training on dementia symptoms in early-stage Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementia. Electronic databases MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL, PsycInfo, and the Cochrane Library were searched using the keywords cognition, reality(More)
Sleep duration in America has gradually declined over the last four decades and appears to have reached a plateau for the last six years, with recent studies reporting that the population's current average sleep duration is approximately 6 h. In this paper, we examine epidemiologic and community-based data on sleep complaints reported by American adults,(More)
OBJECTIVE Although blacks are at higher risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), they are not as likely as their white counterparts to receive OSA evaluation and treatment. This study assessed knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes towards OSA evaluation and treatment among blacks residing in Brooklyn, New York. METHODS Five focus groups involving 39 black men(More)
The focus of this literature search was on the needs of older adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Very little research has been published directly related to the concept of needs, so concepts were identified by implicitly pulling them from the foci of articles. Identified articles were written outside the framework of the person with AD-from the(More)
Community detection is an active field of research across the sciences due to its potential value in practical applications. Many different paradigms are devoted to the development of algorithmic solutions which reveal these mesoscopic, modular subnetworks. Much of the work in the field has been devoted to detection using the structure of the network.(More)
OBJECTIVE We examine historical changes from 1992 to 2008 in the severity of dementia and accompanying neuropsychiatric symptoms among persons presenting for evaluation and treatment at a multiracial urban dementia center. METHODS We reviewed intakes of white (n=197) and black (n=568) patients seen at a dementia center in New York City. Intakes were(More)
In response to the need to develop evidence-based best practices interventions and services for individuals in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the authors conducted an interdisciplinary literature review of exemplar programs, defined as those including multimodal or unimodal interventions; shown to be appropriate for individuals in the early(More)
The diagnosis of asthma is only the beginning of asthma care. Every patient is an individual and asthma care must be tailored to the patient. The aim is to control the symptoms of asthma with the minimum of drugs, a suitable delivery system and minimal interruption of everyday life.
OBJECTIVES This study examined rates of anticipated stigma and its impact on successful mental health referrals among elderly clients of home-delivered nutrition services who met criteria for depression. METHODS Elderly clients (N=732) admitted to a home meal program between December 2004 and June 2006 were assessed for depression, cognitive impairment,(More)
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