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PURPOSE Elective cosmetic surgery (ECS) in the absence of physical indications is often performed to improve psychosocial function. Third-party funders need evidence of its effectiveness if they are to respond in an evidence-based way to increasing demand in the context of constrained resources. Our first aim was to review recent evidence of psychosocial(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with psoriasis have significant impairment in their quality of life (QoL). Several patient-completed instruments are available to measure outcome in dermatological conditions but these primarily focus on severity of disease rather than on QoL. OBJECTIVES To develop a new instrument specifically designed to measure QoL in psoriasis-the(More)
BACKGROUND Although disease-specific health status measures are available for ankylosing spondylitis (AS), no instrument exists for assessing quality of life (QoL) in the condition. OBJECTIVE To produce an AS-specific QoL measure that would be relevant and acceptable to respondents, valid, and reliable. METHODS The ASQoL employs the needs-based model of(More)
BACKGROUND Influential views on how to protect patient autonomy in clinical care have been greatly shaped by rational and deliberative models of decision-making. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to understand how the general principle of respecting autonomy can be reconciled with the local reality of obtaining consent in a clinical situation that precludes extended(More)
PURPOSE Elective cosmetic surgery is expanding in the UK in both the public and private sectors. Because resources are constrained, many cosmetic procedures are being excluded within the National Health Service. If guidelines on who can receive such surgery are to be evidence-based, information is needed about the level of dysfunction in patients referred(More)
OBJECTIVE The international development of the Parents' Index of Quality of Life in Atopic Dermatitis (PIQoL-AD), a quality of life (QoL) instrument specific to parents of children with atopic dermatitis (AD) is described. METHOD The instrument was developed simultaneously in several countries. Its content was derived from 65 qualitative interviews with(More)
Understanding the needs and aspirations of a suitable range of users during the product design process is an extremely difficult task. Methods such as ethnographic studies can be used to gain a better understanding of users needs, but they are inherently time consuming and expensive. The time pressures that are evident in the work performed by design(More)
BACKGROUND Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic or chronically relapsing inflammatory skin condition that can have a considerable impact on those affected. There are a number of instruments available to measure outcome in dermatological conditions but none have been developed specifically for AD. In addition, most measure symptoms and/or daily functioning,(More)
Two hundred and six patients, diagnosed with primary breast or prostate cancer completed self-report questionnaires on two occasions: before treatment (T1) and 12 months later (T2). The questionnaires included: the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; Impact of Events Scale; the Metacognitions Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30) and the Illness Perceptions(More)