Sharon Chandler

Learn More
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a group of enzymes responsible for the degradation of interstitial connective tissue and basement membrane. The coding sequences for five of the human MMPs, viz. interstitial collagenase, 72 kDa gelatinase, stromelysin-1, matrilysin and 92 kDa gelatinase, were cloned and expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells, and the(More)
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a group of enzymes which have the ability to degrade extracellular matrix. They also cleave non-matrix proteins such as myelin basic protein and alpha 1-antitrypsin and they are able to process tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) to its mature form. We have cloned, expressed and purified human macrophage(More)
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of at least 14 zinc-dependent enzymes which are known to degrade the protein components of extracellular matrix. In addition, MMPs and related enzymes can also process a number of cell surface cytokines, receptors, and other soluble proteins. In particular we have shown that the release of the(More)
In an experimentally-induced DTH model of MS, we examined mRNA and protein expression of a range of MMPs and of TNFalpha to establish the contribution that individual MMPs might make to the pathogenesis. In control rat brain, mRNA for all of the MMPs examined was detectable. However, by immunohistochemistry, only MMP-2 could be detected. In the DTH lesions,(More)
Expression of the RB retinoblastoma tumor suppressor gene product is regulated early during the stimulation of normal human peripheral blood lymphocytes, suggesting a regulatory role for the amount of this protein in mitogenesis of normal cells. When normal human peripheral blood lymphocytes were mitogenically stimulated with pokeweed mitogen, bivariate(More)
Antiapoptotic Bcl-2-family proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L) have been recently validated as drug discovery targets for cancer. Here, by using a combination of molecular modeling, NMR-based structural analysis, fluorescence polarization assays, and cell-based assays, we have designed and characterized a novel proapoptotic compound targeting these proteins. Our(More)
The human retinoblastoma gene (RB1) encodes a protein (Rb) of 105 kilodaltons that can be phosphorylated. Analysis of Rb metabolism has shown that the protein has a half-life of more than 10 hours and is synthesized at all phases of the cell cycle. Newly synthesized Rb is not extensively phosphorylated (it is "underphosphorylated") in cells in the G0 and G1(More)
Expression of the retinoblastoma (RB) tumor suppressor gene during cell differentiation induced by dimethyl sulfoxide or sodium butyrate was studied in HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cells. As cells progressed through the cell cycle, the amount of RB protein per cell increased with homeostasis maintained, so that the amount of RB protein relative to the(More)
Genes encoding proteins with PYRIN/PAAD/DAPIN domains, a nucleotide binding fold (NACHT), and leucine rich repeats have recently been recognized as important mediators in autoimmune inflammatory disorders. Here we characterize the expression and function of a member of the PYRIN and NACHT domain (PAN) family, PAN1 (also known as NALP2 and PYPAF2). PAN1(More)