Sharon C Phillips

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This study aimed to classify the responses of single units in the auditory midbrain to acoustic stimuli presented in the free field in order to characterize those units likely to have a role in sound localization in the horizontal plane. The responses of 131 single units in the inferior colliculus of the cat and the brush-tailed possum were studied using(More)
Much is known of the sources and manner of termination of ascending and descending input to the inferior colliculus (IC) but its commissural connections are less well understood. Most studies of the commissure have utilized small lesions or tracer deposits; while all agree that commissural axons terminating in the IC do so in its superficial and dorsomedial(More)
The responses to changes in stimulus azimuth of 204 neurons in the inferior colliculus of the cat with best frequencies of less than 3 kHz were studied. Three main unit classes were identified: omnidirectional units uninfluenced by speaker azimuth (39%); multipeaked units with several azimuthal regions at which peak firing occurred (9%); and(More)
Mid-sagittal histological sections of the cerebellar vermis were prepared for light microscopy from six patients with Wernicke's encephalopathy, 13 alcoholics and 16 normal controls. From Nissl stained sections, the Wernicke's encephalopathy group was found to have a significant 29% lower Purkinje cell count relative to controls, while the alcoholic group(More)
A quantitative histological study was made of the cerebellar vermis in 10 male alcoholic and 8 age-matched control cases. The mean Purkinje cell loss was 21% in the alcoholic group. The small rostral and caudal lobes were most severely affected. The mean Purkinje cell density per unit length of foliae showed similar changes. Histological measurements of the(More)
For 4 months C57 black mice were fed a nutritionally complete diet containing 9% alcohol or isocaloric sucrose and killed then or after 4 months recovery on standard food pellets. The number of cells in a thin plastic section of hippocampus was unchanged in field CA1 by alcohol exposure but was reduced 9% during withdrawal from alcohol. Electron microscopy(More)
The status of the inferior colliculus of the cat as an obligatory relay in the ascending auditory pathway was examined by attempting to infiltrate totally the fibres of the brachium of the inferior colliculus on one side with horseradish peroxidase. Following a transport time of 24 h, alternate sections from thalamus to caudal brainstem were reacted with a(More)
The sensitivity of rat cerebellar Purkinje cells to ethanol exposure during fetal, neonatal or adult life was assessed by histological techniques. Pregnant female rats were exposed to ethanol vapour during the last 2 weeks of gestation. Purkinje cells were counted 5 days after the pups were born. The number of Purkinje cells in lobe VIII was reduced by 45%,(More)
Four-month-old male hooded rats were reared from birth under constant light and darkness conditions. Changes in the amount of postsynaptic density material in the optic synapses in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of these rats were compared with animals maintained under routine light-dark (12 h) cycles. The thickness of postsynaptic density material was found(More)
Groups of adult male mice were either fed a thiamine-deficient diet for 10 weeks and thereafter treated with ethanol by making them inhale vapourized cane spirit for 10 weeks, or given both treatments simultaneously. The brains of these mice were then searched for degeneration using both light and electron microscopy. No degenerating nerve cells were(More)