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Voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels from the Kv4, or Shal-related, gene family underlie a major component of the A-type potassium current in mammalian central neurons. We recently identified a family of calcium-binding proteins, termed KChIPs (Kv channel interacting proteins), that bind to the cytoplasmic N termini of Kv4 family alpha subunits and(More)
BACKGROUND Regulation of raphe serotonergic cells is fundamental to the prevailing hypothesis of major depression pathophysiology. Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) is the rate-limiting enzyme in serotonin biosynthesis, but brainstem TPH mRNA expression has been difficult to measure and study. Recently, a novel paralog of TPH, TPH2 (or neuronal TPH), was(More)
Rough and tumble (R&T) play is assumed to have beneficial effects in developing organisms. To evaluate this idea, brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene expression was evaluated in 32-day-old juvenile rats that were allowed to play for 30 min prior to sacrifice. In situ hybridization for BDNF mRNA revealed that the amygdala and dorsolateral frontal(More)
Voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels from the Kv4, or Shal-related, gene family underlie a major component of the A-type potassium current in mammalian central neurons. We recently identified a family of calcium-binding proteins, termed KChIPs (Kv channel interacting proteins), that bind to the cytoplasmic N termini of Kv4 family ␣ subunits and modulate(More)
BACKGROUND Alterations of serotonin neurotransmission are implicated in both mood disorders and schizophrenia. Specific serotonin-receptor-based abnormalities in these psychiatric illnesses have been intensively studied; however, it has been difficult to draw any conclusions because of a lack of consensus. These inconsistencies have most likely arisen from(More)
The molecular mechanisms that control the range and stability of emotions are unknown, yet this knowledge is critical for understanding mood disorders, especially bipolar illness. Here, we show that the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) modulates these features of emotional responsiveness. We generated transgenic mice overexpressing GR specifically in forebrain.(More)
Approximately 50% of mood disorder patients exhibit hypercortisolism. Cortisol normally exerts its functions in the CNS via binding to mineralocorticoid receptors (MR) and glucocorticoid receptors (GR). Both MR and GR are highly expressed in human hippocampus and several studies have suggested that alterations in the levels of MR or GR within this region(More)
Venous leg ulcer pain experienced during compression bandaging is poorly understood. A prospective, pilot cohort study was initiated to determine the feasibility of conducting a large-scale, repeated measures cohort study of venous leg ulcer pain and to document and describe the venous leg ulcer pain experience during the first 5 weeks of treatment with(More)
We describe a computational framework that models spatial structure along the genomic sequence simultaneously with the temporal evolutionary path structure and show how such models can be used to discover new functional molecules through cross-genomic sequence comparisons. The framework incorporates a priori high-level knowledge of structural and(More)
The cis-acting elements located within 15 kb 5' of the murine CD4 gene transcriptional start site and the first intron of the CD4 gene have been investigated using deletion constructs. Our transient transfection data indicate that the expression of the murine CD4 gene is controlled by multiple positive and negative regulatory cis-acting elements. There are(More)