Sharon A McGrath-Morrow

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Growth and differentiation of the fetal lung are dependent on chloride and fluid secretion, yet the specific molecular identities of fetal chloride channels have not been fully determined. In this study, we demonstrate mRNA expression of the volume-activated chloride channel, CIC-2, in fetal rat lung using reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction(More)
RATIONALE Lungs of adult mice exposed to hyperoxia as newborns are simplified and exhibit reduced function much like that observed in people who had bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) as infants. Because survivors of BPD also show increased risk for symptomatic respiratory infections, we investigated how neonatal hyperoxia affected the response of adult mice(More)
Type II epithelial cells are essential for lung development and remodeling, as they are precursors for type I cells and can produce vascular mitogens. Although type II cell proliferation takes place after hyperoxia, it is unclear why alveolar remodeling occurs normally in adults whereas it is permanently disrupted in newborns. Using a line of transgenic(More)
4-Sodium phenylbutyrate (4-PBA) has been used for many years in the treatment of urea cycle defects and has recently been studied as a chemotherapeutic agent for certain malignancies. 4-PBA has been shown to cause growth arrest, cellular differentiation, and apoptosis in certain malignant cells. Recently, it was shown that IB3-1 cells (a cystic fibrosis(More)
RATIONALE Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) is a neural guidance cue that also mediates cell migration, proliferation and apoptosis, and inhibits branching morphogenesis. Because we have shown that genetic deletion of neuropilin-1, which encodes an obligatory Sema3A co-receptor, influences airspace remodeling in the smoke-exposed adult lung, we sought to determine(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory dysfunction is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in aged populations. The susceptibility to pulmonary insults is attributed to "low pulmonary reserve", ostensibly reflecting a combination of age-related musculoskeletal, immunologic and intrinsic pulmonary dysfunction. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Using a murine model of(More)
Serum interleukin (IL)-8 levels were measured in 50 patients with ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) and 22 without A-T. In a cross-sectional study, the geometric mean of IL-8 level was significantly higher in the patients with A-T (P <.0001). Elevated serum IL-8 levels in patients with A-T suggest that systemic inflammation may contribute to the disease phenotype.
Interleukin-12 (IL-12), a Th1 proinflammatory cytokine, is reported to be increased in Sjögren syndrome. To evaluate the effects of local Th1/Th2 deregulation, we generated a transgenic mouse model that overexpresses IL-12 in the lungs. IL-12 transgenic mice developed bronchial and alveolar abnormalities strikingly similar to those found in the lungs of(More)
Tobacco smoke and nicotine exposure during prenatal and postnatal life can impair lung development, alter the immune response to viral infections, and increase the prevalence of wheezing during childhood. The following review examines recent discoveries in the fields of lung development and tobacco and nicotine exposure, emphasizing studies published within(More)
BACKGROUND Ataxia Telangiectasia (A-T) is a rare monogenetic neurodegenerative disease with pulmonary, nutritional, and dysphagic complications. Gastrostomy tube (GT) feedings are commonly recommended to manage these co-morbidities. In general, outcomes of GT placement in patients with progressive diseases that develop during childhood are not well(More)