Sharon A. Jansa

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The rodent family Muridae is the single most diverse family of mammals with over 1300 recognized species. We used DNA sequences from the first exon ( approximately 1200bp) of the IRBP gene to infer phylogenetic relationships within and among the major lineages of muroid rodents. We included sequences from every recognized muroid subfamily except(More)
The 22 genera and 64 species of rodents (Muridae: Murinae) distributed in the Philippine Islands provide a unique opportunity to study patterns and processes of diversification in island systems. Over 90% of these rodent species are endemic to the archipelago, but the relative importance of dispersal from the mainland, dispersal within the archipelago, and(More)
Several species in the rodent genus Mus are used as model research organisms, but comparative studies of these mice have been hampered by the lack of a well-supported phylogeny. We used DNA sequences from six genes representing paternally, maternally, and biparentally inherited regions of the genome to infer phylogenetic relationships among 10 species of(More)
Abstract We examine variation among species of Mus in four genes involved in reproduction and the immune response for evidence of positive selection: the sperm recognition gene Zp-3, the testis-determining locus Sry, the testicular cell surface matrix protein Tcp-1, and the immune system protein β2 m. We use likelihood ratio tests in the context of a(More)
The rapid evolution of venom toxin genes is often explained as the result of a biochemical arms race between venomous animals and their prey. However, it is not clear that an arms race analogy is appropriate in this context because there is no published evidence for rapid evolution in genes that might confer toxin resistance among routinely envenomed(More)
Complete nucleotide sequences from the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene (1143 bp) were used to investigate the phylogenetic relationships among the native rodents of Madagascar. Specifically, this study examines whether the nine genera of nesomyines form a monophyletic group relative to other Old World murids. All nine of the nesomyine genera, including(More)
Although theoretical studies have suggested that base-compositional heterogeneity can adversely affect phylogenetic reconstruction, only a few empirical examples of this phenomenon, mostly among ancient lineages (with divergence dates > 100 Mya), have been reported. In the course of our phylogenetic research on the New World marsupial family Didelphidae, we(More)
Selection at the protein-level can influence nucleotide substitution patterns for protein-coding genes, which in turn can affect their performance as phylogenetic characters. In this study, we compare two protein-coding nuclear genes that appear to have evolved under markedly different selective constraints and evaluate how selection has shaped their(More)
Department of Mammalogy, American Museum of Natural History, West 79th Street, New York, NY 10024, USA (RSV) Division of Mammals, National Museum of Natural History, NHB 390, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013, USA (KMH) Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, and J. F. Bell Museum of Natural History, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper(More)
The geological record of South American mammals is spatially biased because productive fossil sites are concentrated at high latitudes. As a result, the history of mammalian diversification in Amazonia and other tropical biomes is largely unknown. Here we report diversification analyses based on a time-calibrated molecular phylogeny of opossums(More)