Sharon A. Greene

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Approximately 179 million cases of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) occur annually in the United States. However, lack of routine clinical testing for viruses limits understanding of their role among persons seeking medical care. Fecal specimens submitted for routine bacterial culture through a health maintenance organization in Georgia, USA, were tested with(More)
Three previously described methods for culture of Clostridium difficile from meats were evaluated by microbiologists with experience in C. difficile culture and identification. A consensus protocol using BHI broth enrichment followed by ethanol shock and plating to selective and non-selective media was selected for use, and all participating laboratories(More)
BACKGROUND Nontyphoidal Salmonella causes an estimated 1.2 million infections, 23,000 hospitalizations, and 450 deaths annually in the United States. Most illnesses are self-limited; however, treatment with antimicrobial agents can be life-saving for invasive infections. METHODS The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network and the National(More)
During 2003-2009, we identified 544 cases of Cronobacter spp. infection from 6 US states. The highest percentage of invasive infections occurred among children <5 years of age; urine isolates predominated among adults. Rates of invasive infections among infants approximate earlier estimates. Overall incidence of 0.66 cases/100,000 population was higher than(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal tuberculosis (TB) may be associated with increased risk of adverse infant outcomes. STUDY DESIGN We examined the risk of low birth weight (LBW), small for gestational age (SGA), and preterm birth (<37 weeks) associated with maternal TB in a retrospective population-based Washington State cohort using linked infant birth certificate and(More)
BACKGROUND In May 2008, PulseNet detected a multistate outbreak of Salmonella enterica serotype Saintpaul infections. Initial investigations identified an epidemiologic association between illness and consumption of raw tomatoes, yet cases continued. In mid-June, we investigated two clusters of outbreak strain infections in Texas among patrons of Restaurant(More)
Background Treatment of HIV-infected women to prevent cervical cancer may stimulate HIV RNA cervical shedding and risk HIV transmission. Methods Between 2011 and 2014, 400 HIV-infected women diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2/3 in Kenya were randomized to loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) or cryotherapy. Cervical and(More)
Health information systems (HIS) include a spectrum of data collection tools that support clinical decision–making; facilitate tracking of patients, drug stock, and disease trends; and inform policymaking [1]. As intermediaries between individual patient records and population–level data, health registers occupy a unique space in HIS. Health registers are(More)
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