Learn More
Substance P, acting via its neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1 R), plays an important role in mediating a variety of inflammatory processes. Its interaction with chemokines is known to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. In pancreatic acinar cells, substance P stimulates the release of NFkappaB-driven chemokines. However, the signal(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The role of nitric oxide (NO) has been increasingly implicated in the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis (AP). Studies have shown increased NO production in AP although not all are agreeable on whether NO is beneficial or detrimental in AP. This study aims to profile NO production and NO synthase (NOS) expression in the pancreas and lungs(More)
The present study investigated the mechanism of mouse pancreatic acinar cell apoptosis induced by H(2)S in an in vitro system, using isolated pancreatic acini. Treatment of pancreatic acini with 10 microM NaHS (a donor of H(2)S) for 3 h caused phosphatidylserine externalization as shown by annexin V binding, an indicator of early stages of apoptosis. This(More)
We investigated the apoptotic pathway activated by crambene (1-cyano-2-hydroxy-3-butene), a plant nitrile, on pancreatic acinar cells. As evidenced by annexin V-FITC staining, crambene treatment for 3 h induced the apoptosis but not necrosis of pancreatic acini. Caspase-3, -8, and -9 activities in acini treated with crambene were significantly higher than(More)
Treatment of pancreatic acinar cells by hydrogen sulphide has been shown to induce apoptosis. However, a potential role of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in this apoptotic pathway remains unknown. The present study examined the role of MAPKs in H(2)S-induced apoptosis in mouse pancreatic acinar cells. Pancreatic acinar cells were treated with 10(More)
Interaction of the neuropeptide substance P (SP) with its high-affinity neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R) plays an important role in the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis. SP is known to stimulate the production of chemokines monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1 alpha, and MIP-2 in pancreatic acinar cells via(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been shown to induce the activation of neurogenic inflammation especially in normal airways and urinary bladder. However, whether endogenous H2S would regulate sepsis-associated lung inflammation via substance P (SP) and its receptors remains unknown. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate the effect of H2S on the(More)
Fractalkine (FTK) is a unique member of the CX3C chemokine family by acting through the CX3CR1 receptor. Membrane-bound FTK acts like an adhesion molecule, whereas soluble FTK (sFTK) acts as a classic chemokine ligand. Whether this chemokine plays a role in sepsis is still not clear. Using a mouse model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis,(More)
Lipid-modified transcription factors (TFs) are biomolecular oddities since their reduced mobility and membrane attachment appear to contradict nuclear import required for their gene-regulatory function. NFAT5 isoform a (selected from an in silico screen for predicted lipid-modified TFs) is shown to contribute about half of all endogenous expression of human(More)
The addition of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors to eukaryotic proteins in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum is catalyzed by the transamidase complex, composed of at least five subunits (PIG-K, PIG-S, PIG-T, PIG-U and GPAA1). Here PIG-K(24-337) and PIG-S(38-467) from yeast, including the residues 24-337 and 38-467 of the entire 411 and 534(More)