Sharmaine Ramasamy

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Envenoming by Carukia barnesi may produce life-threatening Irukandji syndrome. There is little published on the activity of C. barnesi venom. This is the first study to investigate the in vivo cardiovascular effects of C. barnesi venom and a tentacle extract (devoid of nematocysts). Venom (50 microg/kg or 100 microg/kg, i.v.) produced a pressor response(More)
Using a new technique to extract venom from the nematocysts, the efficacy of CSL box jellyfish antivenom (AV) and adjunct therapies, verapamil and magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)), were investigated against the in vivo cardiovascular effects of Chironex fleckeri venom in anaesthetised rats. C. fleckeri venom (30 microg/kg; i.v.) produced a transient hypertensive(More)
Neurotoxicity is rarely seen following human systemic envenoming by Australasian black snakes (genus Pseudechis) with myotoxicity being the most prominent feature following bites by some species. This study investigated the in vitro myotoxicity of venoms from seven species of Australasian Pseudechis and determined the efficacy of CSL black and tiger snake(More)
Using a recently developed technique to extract jellyfish venom from nematocysts, the present study investigated the in vivo cardiovascular effects of Chironex fleckeri venom and tentacle extract (devoid of nematocysts). In anaesthetised rats, venom (10 microg/kg, i.v.) produced a transient pressor response (23+/-4 mmHg) followed, in two of five animals, by(More)
1. Pseudechis species (black snakes) are among the most widespread venomous snakes in Australia. Despite this, very little is known about the potency of their venoms or the efficacy of the antivenoms used to treat systemic envenomation by these snakes. The present study investigated the in vitro neurotoxicity of venoms from seven Australasian Pseudechis(More)
Clinical observations suggest a primary cardiotoxic role in fatal Chironex fleckeri stings. The limited research available indicates that Chiropsella bronzie venom acts in a similar manner although appears to be less potent. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the vascular effects of C. fleckeri and C. bronzie venoms using rat isolated aorta. Both(More)
The pharmacological and biochemical isolation of cnidarian venoms has been hindered by difficulties with both extracting pure venom from nematocysts and venom stability. The development of a new technique to extract active, pure venom of Chironex fleckeri and Chiropsalmus sp. has enabled identify both neurotoxic and myotoxic activity in their venoms. These(More)
Using a new technique to extract venom from the nematocysts of jellyfish, the in vivo cardiovascular effects of Chiropsalmus sp. venom were investigated in anaesthetized rats. Chiropsalmus sp. venom (150 microg/kg, i.v.) produced a transient hypertensive response (44+/-4 mmHg; n=6) followed by hypotension and cardiovascular collapse. Concurrent artificial(More)
AIMS There are no studies measuring antivenom concentrations following intramuscular administration. This study aimed to compare antivenom concentrations following intravenous and intramuscular administration of redback spider antivenom (RBSAV). METHODS Twenty patients recruited to a controlled trial comparing intramuscular and intravenous administration(More)
Concentration-response curves to noradrenaline (1 nM-100 microM) were obtained in prostates from 6-week streptozotocin diabetic, insulin-treated diabetic or control rats. Compared to the curve obtained in controls, those obtained in prostates from diabetic and insulin-treated diabetic rats were shifted rightward. The alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist, prazosin(More)
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