Learn More
Thirty-one of 43 patients with panic disorder or agoraphobia with panic attacks and none of 20 normal controls panicked in response to infusions of sodium lactate. Before receiving lactate, patients showed higher heart rates than controls and also signs of hyperventilation. During lactate infusion, patients who did not panic, nevertheless, developed higher(More)
Lateral ventricular volumes were measured on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans by independent raters in 18 subjects (11 psychotic patients and 7 healthy control subjects) with two different approaches: a point-counting stereological (PCS) technique and a computerized technique based on segmentation algorithms. The correlation between the two techniques(More)
To assess the pharmacologic and phenomenologic comparability of lactate-induced and naturally occurring panic attacks, patients meeting DSM-III criteria for panic disorder or agoraphobia with panic attacks were infused with 0.5M racemic sodium lactate before and after successful drug treatment. Lactate-induced and naturally occurring panic attacks were(More)
Several lines of evidence support the notion that a substantial reorganization of cortical connections, involving a programmed synaptic pruning, takes place during adolescence in humans. A review of neurobiological abnormalities in schizophrenia indicates that the neurobiological parameters that undergo peripubertal regressive changes may be abnormal in(More)
BACKGROUND Studies in schizophrenic patients have reported dopaminergic abnormalities in striatum, substantia nigra, thalamus, anterior cingulate, hippocampus, and cortex that have been related to positive symptoms and cognitive impairments. METHODS [(18)F]fallypride positron emission tomography studies were performed in off-medication or never-medicated(More)
A dysfunction of pursuit eye tracking in psychiatric patients has been well documented, but its cause has not. Recent speculation implicates a pathological disinhibition of saccades in these patients. However, great variability in tracking performance was found among nine normal subjects, and tracking quality improved in each when asked to perform a simple(More)
1. The purpose of this study was (a) to identify if astrocytes show a similar non-Nernstian depolarization in low K+ or low Ca2+ solutions as previously found in human glial and glioma cells, and (b) to analyze the influence of the K+ conductance on the membrane potential of astrocytes. 2. The membrane potential (Em) and the ionic conductance were studied(More)
1. The aim of this study was to elucidate if the K+ uptake was higher in cultured human glioma cells than in cells from other malignant tumors and to analyze the importance of membrane potential and K+ channels for the uptake. 2. K+ transport properties were studied with the isotopes 42K and the K-analogue 201Tl. 3. Comparison with cultured cells from other(More)
A pilot study was undertaken to monitor the use of psychotropic drugs in a psychiatric hospital unit and a comparable acute medical unit together with their out-patient clinics, during a 2 month period. Both units served the same catchment area. Using the DDD (defined daily dose) for each class of drug, an index was calculated as an indicator of usage. An(More)
  • 1