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Over the past decade, functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) has emerged as a powerful new instrument to collect vast quantities of data about activity in the human brain. A typical fMRI experiment can produce a three-dimensional image related to the human subject's brain activity every half second, at a spatial resolution of a few millimeters. As in(More)
This study triangulates executive planning and visuo-spatial reasoning in the context of the Tower of London (TOL) task by using a variety of methodological approaches. These approaches include functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), functional connectivity analysis, individual difference analysis, and computational modeling. A graded fMRI paradigm(More)
This study attempts to specify the contribution of two subregions of Broca's area during syntactic and semantic processing of sentences by examining brain activation in a grammaticality judgment task. The processing of two types of ungrammatical sentences was examined. One type leaves the thematic interpretation generally unaffected, by violating the(More)
Discrepancies in the patterns of cortical activation across studies may be attributable, in part, to differences in baseline tasks, and hence, reflect the limits of the subtractive logic underlying much of neuroimaging. To assess the extent of these effects, three of the most commonly used baseline conditions (rest, tone monitoring, and passive listening)(More)
Airborne hyperspectral data were analyzed for the trast, remote sensing instruments provide spectral data classification of 11 forest cover types, including pure and for large contiguous areas from several to hundreds of mixed stands of deciduous and conifer species. Selected square kilometers per scene. The development of species bands from first(More)
An event-related fMRI study was conducted to investigate the effect of two different sentence presentation paradigms-rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) and whole sentence presentation-on syntactic processing. During scanning, sentences were presented using one of the two presentation paradigms and were followed by a short delay and a probe to verify(More)
Endocannabinoid receptors modulate synaptic plasticity in the brain and may therefore impact cortical connectivity not only during development but also in response to substance abuse in later life. Such alterations may not be evident in volumetric measures utilized in brain imaging, but could affect the local and global organization of brain networks. To(More)
A verbal reasoning problem at the intersection of verbal working memory, problem-solving, and language comprehension was examined using event-related fMRI to distinguish differences in the differential timing of the response of the various cortical regions that compose the working memory network. Problems were developed such that the process demand as well(More)
This study examined brain activation while participants read or listened to high-imagery sentences like The number eight when rotated 90 degrees looks like a pair of spectacles or low-imagery sentences, and judged them as true or false. The sentence imagery manipulation affected the activation in regions (particularly, the intraparietal sulcus) that(More)
Two experiments are reported that used fMRI to compare the brain activation during the imagery of material and geometric object features. In the first experiment, participants were to mentally evaluate objects along either a material dimension (roughness, hardness and temperature; e.g., Which is harder, a potato or a mushroom?) or a geometric dimension(More)