Learn More
RNA interference (RNAi) technology is currently being tested in clinical trials for a limited number of diseases. However, systemic delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) to solid tumors has not yet been achieved in clinics. Here, we introduce an in vivo pH-sensitive delivery system for siRNA using super carbonate apatite (sCA) nanoparticles, which is(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Bile reflux contributes to development of Barrett's esophagus (BE) and could be involved in its progression to esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). We investigated whether bile acids affect levels or functions of microRNAs (MIRs) 221 and 222, which bind to the 3'-UTR of p27Kip1 messenger RNA to inhibit its translation. Reduced p27Kip1(More)
Gene therapy through intracellular delivery of a functional gene or a gene-silencing element is a promising approach to treat critical diseases. Elucidation of the genetic basis of human diseases with complete sequencing of human genome revealed many vital genes as possible targets in gene therapy programs. RNA interference (RNAi), a powerful tool in(More)
Generation of specific lineages of cells from embryonic stem (ES) cells is pre-requisite to use these cells in pre-clinical applications. Here, we developed a recombinant E-cadherin substratum for generation of hepatic progenitor populations at single cell level. This artificial acellular feeder layer supports the stepwise differentiation of ES cells to(More)
In continuing search for effective treatments of cancer, the emerging model aims at efficient intracellular delivery of therapeutics into tumor cells in order to increase the drug concentration. However, the implementation of this strategy suffers from inefficient cellular uptake and drug resistance. Therefore, pH-sensitive nanosystems have recently been(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is a powerful approach in functional genomics to selectively silence messenger mRNA (mRNA) expression and can be employed to rapidly develop potential novel drugs against a complex disease like cancer. However, naked siRNA being anionic is unable to cross the anionic cell membrane through passive diffusion and therefore, delivery of(More)
Genetic manipulation of human cells through delivery of a functional gene or a gene-silencing element is an attractive approach to treat critical diseases very precisely and effectively. Extensive research on the genetic basis of human diseases with complete sequencing of human genome has revealed many vital genes as possible targets in gene therapy(More)
Brain, the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate, plays the most vital role in every function of human body. However, many neurodegenerative diseases, cancer and infections of the brain become more prevalent as populations become older. In spite of the major advances in neuroscience, many potential therapeutics are still unable to reach the central(More)
For stem cell-based treatment of neurodegenerative diseases a better understanding of key developmental signaling pathways and robust techniques for producing neurons with highest homogeneity are required. In this study, we demonstrate a method using N-cadherin-based biomimetic substrate to promote the differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cell (ESC)- and(More)