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OBJECTIVE To describe trends of primary efficacy and safety outcomes of islet transplantation in type 1 diabetes recipients with severe hypoglycemia from the Collaborative Islet Transplant Registry (CITR) from 1999 to 2010. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 677 islet transplant-alone or islet-after-kidney recipients with type 1 diabetes in the CITR(More)
BACKGROUND Progressive graft dysfunction (GDF) and loss of insulin independence (II) have been invariably observed in islet transplant recipients under the "Edmonton protocol." To reestablish II, we performed supplemental islet infusions (SI) in recipients of allogeneic islet transplant alone, displaying GDF. To improve the engraftment and long-term graft(More)
A 55-year-old man with von Hippel-Lindau disease presented with quadriparesis. Multiple enhancing cervical and thoracic spinal masses were seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A rim of diffuse, nodular enhancement linking all of the discrete masses was apparent on the surface of the cervical and thoracic regions of the cord. Surgical exploration(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop and validate a comprehensive computer simulation model to assess the impact of screening, prevention, and treatment strategies on type 2 diabetes and its complications, comorbidities, quality of life, and cost. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The incidence of type 2 diabetes and its complications and comorbidities were derived from(More)
The Collaborative Islet Transplant Registry (CITR) collects data on clinical islet isolations and transplants. This retrospective report analyzed 1017 islet isolation procedures performed for 537 recipients of allogeneic clinical islet transplantation in 1999-2010. This study describes changes in donor and islet isolation variables by era and factors(More)
Patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) who are recipients of pancreas transplants are believed to rarely develop T1D recurrence in the allograft if effectively immunosuppressed. We evaluated a cohort of 223 recipients of simultaneous pancreas-kidney allografts for T1D recurrence and its risk factors. With long-term follow-up, recurrence was observed in(More)
BACKGROUND Allogeneic human islet transplantation is an effective therapy for the treatment of patients with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). The low number of islet transplants performed worldwide and the different transplantation protocols used limit the identification of the most effective therapeutic options to improve the efficacy of this approach. METHODS We(More)
Background: Dual infection with HIV-1 and HIV-2, which is not uncommon in West Africa, has important implications for transmission , progression, and antiretroviral therapy. Few studies have examined HIV viral dynamics in this setting. Methods: We compared HIV-1 and HIV-2 viral loads from 65 dually infected, antiretroviral therapy-naı¨ve Senegalese(More)
temporal areas TE and TEO with medial temporal-lobe structures in infant and adult monkeys. What does it mean when a baby smiles? Is it an expression of enjoyment, a signal to a partner that rewards effective caretaking, or simply a muscular contraction? Do physically different types of smiles indicate different things? Should the social context in which an(More)
In this manuscript, we present non-parametric two-sample tests for paired censored survival data incorporating longitudinal covariate information. These tests take advantage of information collected at baseline and post-baseline to provide efficiency gains when censoring is uninformative. Additionally, these methods adjust for potential bias from(More)
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