Learn More
OBJECTIVE To describe trends of primary efficacy and safety outcomes of islet transplantation in type 1 diabetes recipients with severe hypoglycemia from the Collaborative Islet Transplant Registry (CITR) from 1999 to 2010. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 677 islet transplant-alone or islet-after-kidney recipients with type 1 diabetes in the CITR(More)
CONTEXT Antibody-based induction therapy plus calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) reduce acute rejection rates in kidney recipients; however, opportunistic infections and toxic CNI effects remain challenging. Reportedly, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have successfully treated graft-vs-host disease. OBJECTIVE To assess autologous MSCs as replacement of antibody(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the relationship between receipt of medical care for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and HIV transmission risk behavior among persons who had received a recent diagnosis of HIV infection. METHODS We enrolled 316 participants from 4 US cities and prospectively followed up participants for 1 year. Generalized estimating(More)
A 55-year-old man with von Hippel-Lindau disease presented with quadriparesis. Multiple enhancing cervical and thoracic spinal masses were seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A rim of diffuse, nodular enhancement linking all of the discrete masses was apparent on the surface of the cervical and thoracic regions of the cord. Surgical exploration(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Plasma fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) concentrations increase early in the course of CKD in children. High FGF23 levels associate with progression of CKD in adults. Whether FGF23 predicts CKD progression in children is unknown. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS We tested the hypothesis that high plasma FGF23 is(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate whether changes of nutritional status and behavior are associated with islet transplantation (ITx) and to assess their possible mechanisms. METHODS In this observational study, 52 subjects with type 1 diabetes, 30 of whom received ITx, underwent nutritional assessments. The study consisted of questionnaires complemented by a(More)
BACKGROUND A current limitation of islet transplantation is reduced long-term graft function. The glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, exenatide (Byetta, Amylin Pharmaceuticals, CA) has properties that could improve existing islet function, prevent further loss of islet mass and possibly even stimulate islet regeneration. METHODS This prospective(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a simple test for the assessment of islet graft dysfunction based on measures involving fasting C-peptide. Calculations were made to account for the dependence of C-peptide secretion on glucose concentration (C-peptide/glucose ratio [CP/G]) and adjusted for renal function by calculating the C-peptide/glucose-creatinine(More)
BACKGROUND The success of sirolimus and low-dose tacrolimus in islet cell transplantation has influenced many transplant centers to utilize this novel regimen. The long-term safety and tolerability of this steroid-free immunosuppressive protocol for allogeneic islet transplantation has yet to be determined. METHODS We transplanted 26 adult patients with(More)
This study analyzed quality of life in patients with type 1 diabetes that received islet transplantation. Twenty-three subjects were followed over 3 years. In addition to an interview, patients self-completed two standardized psychometric questionnaires, HSQ 2.0 and DQOL, before and after transplant, and scores were compared. Analysis was also adjusted for(More)