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OBJECTIVE To describe trends of primary efficacy and safety outcomes of islet transplantation in type 1 diabetes recipients with severe hypoglycemia from the Collaborative Islet Transplant Registry (CITR) from 1999 to 2010. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 677 islet transplant-alone or islet-after-kidney recipients with type 1 diabetes in the CITR(More)
A 55-year-old man with von Hippel-Lindau disease presented with quadriparesis. Multiple enhancing cervical and thoracic spinal masses were seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A rim of diffuse, nodular enhancement linking all of the discrete masses was apparent on the surface of the cervical and thoracic regions of the cord. Surgical exploration(More)
CONTEXT Antibody-based induction therapy plus calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) reduce acute rejection rates in kidney recipients; however, opportunistic infections and toxic CNI effects remain challenging. Reportedly, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have successfully treated graft-vs-host disease. OBJECTIVE To assess autologous MSCs as replacement of antibody(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In children with CKD, information is limited regarding the prevalence and determinants of fibroblast growth factor 23 excess and 1,25-dihyroxyvitamin D deficiency across the spectrum of predialysis CKD. This study characterized circulating concentrations of fibroblast growth factor 23 and 1,25-dihyroxyvitamin D, and investigated(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent studies demonstrated that prolactin (PRL) has beneficial effects on beta cells for islet transplantation. We examined the effect of human recombinant PRL (rhPRL) supplementation to the culture media to determine its potential use in the context of clinical islet transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Each human islet isolated from 14(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the relationship between receipt of medical care for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and HIV transmission risk behavior among persons who had received a recent diagnosis of HIV infection. METHODS We enrolled 316 participants from 4 US cities and prospectively followed up participants for 1 year. Generalized estimating(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Plasma fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) concentrations increase early in the course of CKD in children. High FGF23 levels associate with progression of CKD in adults. Whether FGF23 predicts CKD progression in children is unknown. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS We tested the hypothesis that high plasma FGF23 is(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate whether changes of nutritional status and behavior are associated with islet transplantation (ITx) and to assess their possible mechanisms. METHODS In this observational study, 52 subjects with type 1 diabetes, 30 of whom received ITx, underwent nutritional assessments. The study consisted of questionnaires complemented by a(More)
Current methodologies to evaluate islet cell viability are largely based on tests that assess the exclusion of DNA-binding dyes. While these tests identify cells that have lost selective membrane permeability, they do not allow us to recognize apoptotic cells, which do not yet stain with DNA-binding dyes. Furthermore, current methods of analysis do not(More)
BACKGROUND A current limitation of islet transplantation is reduced long-term graft function. The glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, exenatide (Byetta, Amylin Pharmaceuticals, CA) has properties that could improve existing islet function, prevent further loss of islet mass and possibly even stimulate islet regeneration. METHODS This prospective(More)