Shari A Pilon-Thomas

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The immune system can act as an extrinsic suppressor of tumors. Therefore, tumor progression depends in part on mechanisms that downmodulate intrinsic immune surveillance. Identifying these inhibitory pathways may provide promising targets to enhance antitumor immunity. Here, we show that Stat3 is constitutively activated in diverse tumor-infiltrating(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive cancers, with tumor-induced myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) contributing to its pathogenesis and ineffective therapies. In response to cytokine/chemokine receptor activation, src homology 2 domain-containing inositol 5'-phosphatase-1 (SHIP-1) influences phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)(More)
There has been recent interest in the depletion of regulatory T cells (Tregs) as part of a multi-faceted approach to the immunotherapy of melanoma patients. This is in part due recent findings that convincingly show that Tregs are an integral part of regulating and even suppressing an immune response to growing tumor cells. We therefore compared three(More)
Administration of nonmyeloablative chemotherapeutic agents or total body irradiation (TBI) prior to adoptive transfer of tumor-specific T cells may reduce or eliminate immunosuppressive populations such as T regulatory cells (Tregs) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC). Little is known about these populations during immune reconstitution. This study(More)
Adoptive T-cell therapy (ACT) using tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) can induce tumor regression in up to 50% or more of patients with unresectable metastatic melanoma. However, current methods to expand melanoma TIL, especially the "rapid expansion protocol" (REP) were not designed to enhance the generation of optimal effector-memory CD8(+) T cells for(More)
A single-institution pilot clinical trial was performed combining nonmyeloablative chemotherapy and the adoptive transfer of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes with interleukin-2 in patients with metastatic melanoma. Nineteen patients were enrolled with 13 patients (68%) successfully completing treatment. An overall response rate (partial and complete(More)
Cancer immunotherapies, such as immune checkpoint blockade or adoptive T-cell transfer, can lead to durable responses in the clinic, but response rates remain low due to undefined suppression mechanisms. Solid tumors are characterized by a highly acidic microenvironment that might blunt the effectiveness of antitumor immunity. In this study, we directly(More)
Intralesional (IL) injection of PV-10 has shown to induce regression of both injected and non-injected lesions in patients with melanoma. To determine an underlying immune mechanism, the murine B16 melanoma model and the MT-901 breast cancer model were utilized. In BALB/c mice bearing MT-901 breast cancer, injection of PV-10 led to regression of injected(More)
Pancreatic cancer is an extremely aggressive malignancy with a dismal prognosis. Cancer patients and tumor-bearing mice have multiple immunoregulatory subsets including regulatory T cells (Tregs) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) that may limit the effectiveness of anti-tumor immunotherapies for pancreatic cancer. It is possible that modulating(More)
We readwith great interest the comprehensive and timely review article by Sznol and Chen (1) in the March 1, 2013 issue of Clinical Cancer Research. This review summarized the PD-1 costimulatory (coinhibitory) signaling pathway in activated T cells mediated by PD-L1 or PD-L2 binding and its implications for antitumor therapy. However, the authors did not(More)