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The lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxynon-2-enal (4-HNE) is a strong electrophile that forms covalent adducts with proteins and, to a lesser extent, nucleic acids and phospholipids. The generation of 4-HNE appears to be an inevitable consequence of aerobic metabolism. The metabolism of 4-HNE is mainly, although not entirely, conjugative, and proceeds via(More)
From the fruitfly, Drosophila melanogaster, ten members of the cluster of Delta-class glutathione S-transferases (GSTs; formerly denoted as Class I GSTs) and one member of the Epsilon-class cluster (formerly GST-3) have been cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli, and their catalytic properties have been determined. In addition, nine more members of the(More)
Caenorhabditis elegans expresses a glutathione transferase (GST) belonging to the Pi class, for which we propose the name CeGSTP2-2. CeGSTP2-2 (the product of the gst-10 gene) has the ability to conjugate the lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE). Transgenic C. elegans strains were generated in which the 5'-flanking region and promoter of(More)
We have shown previously that the chemoprotective activity of diallyl disulfide (DADS), a naturally occurring anticancer agent in garlic, against benzo[a]pyrene (BP)-induced forestomach carcinogenesis in mice correlates strongly with its inductive effects on the expression of Pi class glutathione (GSH) transferase mGSTP1-1. The present structure-activity(More)
Studies have indicated that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists reduce infarct size after myocardial ischaemia. Whether these agents modify cardiac remodelling after ischaemia is unclear. Furthermore, it is not known if combination of the two types of drugs is superior to either agent alone. We investigated(More)
4-Hydroxy-2-trans-nonenal (4HNE), one of the major end products of lipid peroxidation (LPO), has been shown to induce apoptosis in a variety of cell lines. It appears to modulate signaling processes in more than one way because it has been suggested to have a role in signaling for differentiation and proliferation. It has been known that glutathione(More)
The lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) is a signaling mediator with wide-ranging biological effects. In this paper, we report that disruption of mGsta4, a gene encoding the 4-HNE-conjugating enzyme mGSTA4-4, causes increased 4-HNE tissue levels and is accompanied by age-dependent development of obesity which precedes the onset of insulin(More)
Electrophilic stress caused by lipid peroxidation products such as 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) and/or related compounds may contribute to aging. The major mode of 4-HNE metabolism involves glutathione conjugation catalyzed by specialized glutathione transferases. We have previously shown that glutathione transferase CeGSTP2-2, the product of the Caenorhabditis(More)
The lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) forms as a consequence of oxidative stress. By electrophilic attack on biological macromolecules, 4-HNE mediates signaling or may cause toxicity. A major route of 4-HNE disposal is via glutathione conjugation, in the mouse catalyzed primarily by glutathione transferase mGSTA4-4. Unexpectedly,(More)
Lipid peroxidation products have signaling functions and at higher concentrations are toxic and may trigger cell death. The compounds are metabolized predominantly by glutathione S-transferases exemplified by mGSTA4-4, an enzyme highly efficient in glutathione conjugation of 4-hydroxyalkenals, and possessing glutathione peroxidase activity toward(More)