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Cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CB-MN) assay and single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) were employed to analyze leukocytes from 14 Fanconi anemia (FA) patients, 30 Down syndrome (DS) patients, and 30 control individuals, to examine the sensitivity of these techniques to detect genomic instability in these 2 diseases. The DS patients presented increased DNA(More)
Hydroxyurea (HU) plays an important role in the treatment of patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Although HU has been associated with an increased risk of leukemia in some patients with myeloproliferative disorders, the mutagenic and carcinogenic potential of HU has not been established. This study investigated levels of DNA damage using the alkaline(More)
OBJECTIVES Free radicals may damage lipids, proteins and DNA, which may lead to critical diseases in the aging. This work evaluated levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and DNA damage by comet assay (SCGE) in older adults that do exercises regularly. DESIGN AND METHODS 110 females, aged 66.3+/-8 years were divided into sedentary(More)
Prediabetes (intermediate hyperglycemia) is a high-risk state for diabetes that is defined by higher than normal glycemic levels that are below the level required for a diagnosis of diabetes. Prediabetes is characterized by oxidative stress, yet the associated DNA damage and cytotoxicity remain unknown to date. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship(More)
A follow-up study was carried out 4 years after an initial evaluation of the micronucleus frequency in 10 healthy individuals who had been occupationally exposed to antineoplastic drugs in a Brazilian hospital. Upon the first evaluation, these 10 exposed individuals were compared with 10 non-exposed individuals matched for age, sex and smoking habits; the(More)
The mutagenic and carcinogenic effects of genotoxic agents on exposed people have constituted an increasing concern. Therefore, the objective of this work was to assess DNA damage in lymphocytes of workers exposed to X-radiation using the cytokinesis-blocked micronucleus test and the comet assay (single-cell gel electrophoresis), and to compare these two(More)
For some X-linked disorders the expressivity and penetrance in females are almost similar to those ones found in males. For mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II), there are no studies in the literature trying to identify subtle signs and symptoms of this disease in heterozygotes. The objective of this study was to compare heterozygotes and(More)
The Associação dos Pais e Amigos dos Excepcionais (APAE) is an institution for mentally retarded patients located at Caxias do Sul in the south of Brazil. A genetic diagnostic survey of 202 individuals from this institution is presented. The patients had a male:female ratio of 1.3:1 and their ages varied from 1 month to 47 years with a mean of 5.5 years.(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the association between primary DNA damage and chromosomal damage with iron intake and red blood cell parameters of iron status in a sample of healthy children and adolescents from a low-socioeconomic community. METHODS The level of primary DNA damage was assessed using an alkaline comet assay and the level of chromosomal(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a condition characterized by chronic airway inflammation and remodeling, lung parenchymal inflammation, and destruction resulting in expiratory airflow obstruction, hyperinflation of the lung with loss of elastic recoil, and impairment of gas exchange. Skeletal muscles in individuals with COPD generate free(More)