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Sphingosine 1-phosphate (SPP) has been shown to inhibit chemotaxis of a variety of cells, in some cases through intracellular actions, while in others through receptor-mediated effects. Surprisingly, we found that low concentrations of SPP (10-100 nM) increased chemotaxis of HEK293 cells overexpressing the G protein-coupled SPP receptor EDG-1. In agreement(More)
Previously we discovered that NPY induces ischemic angiogenesis by activating Y2 and Y5 receptors. The receptors that mediate specific steps of the complex process of angiogenesis are unknown. Here, we studied in vitro NPY receptors subtypes involved in migration, proliferation, and differentiation of human endothelial cells. In cells that expressed Y1, Y2,(More)
Which of Y1-Y5 receptors (Rs) mediate NPY's angiogenic activity was studied using Y2R-null mice and R-specific antagonists. In Y2R-null mice, NPY-induced aortic sprouting and in vivo Matrigel capillary formation were decreased by 50%; Y1R-antagonist blocked the remaining response. NPY-induced sprouting was equally inhibited by Y2R- (and Y5R- but less by(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropeptide Y is a sympathetic neurotransmitter, a potent endothelium-derived angiogenic factor and a vascular mitogen. We have studied the role of the functional leucine7 to proline7 polymorphism of the signal peptide region of preproneuropeptide Y (prepro-NPY) as a genetic susceptibility factor for diabetic retinopathy. In addition, we(More)
Age-related changes in NPY-driven angiogenesis were investigated using Matrigel and aortic sprouting assays in young (2 months.) and aged (18 months.) mice. In both assays, NPY-induced vessel growth decreased significantly with age. In parallel, aged mice showed reduced expression (RT-PCR) of Y2 receptors and the NPY converting enzyme, dipeptidyl peptidase(More)
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