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The control of IL-12 production from dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages in response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is not well understood. The objective of this study was to pursue the mechanism underlying our previous report that in response to Mtb infection, DCs release abundant IL-12, whereas secretion is limited in macrophages. An initial(More)
Soil has been considered the natural reservoir for the bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, which causes melioidosis. We examined 550 melioidosis cases that occurred during a 10-year period in the highly urbanized city of Singapore, where soil exposure is rare, and found that rainfall and humidity levels were associated with disease incidence.
There is a need to identify more effective drugs for the treatment of ovarian cancer as it is the leading cause of death among gynecologic tumors. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), a natural retinoid, arrests the growth of CA-OV3 ovarian carcinoma cells in G(0)-G(1). Because the insulin-like growth factor-I receptor has been implicated in the proliferation of(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the major form of liver cancer. HCC is highly fatal; it is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths globally, with an overall mortality to incidence ratio of 0.93. There are more than half a million new cases diagnosed each year worldwide. Disease burden of HCC is borne in developing nations, especially in Southeast(More)
A major global concern is the emergence and spread of systemic life-threatening fungal infections in critically ill patients. The increase in invasive fungal infections, caused most commonly by Candida and Aspergillus species, occurs in patients with impaired defenses due to a number of reasons such as underlying disease, the use of chemotherapeutic and(More)
BACKGROUND Melioidosis is a problem in the developing tropical regions of Southeast Asia and Northern Australia where the the Gram negative saprophytic bacillus Burkholderia pseudomallei is endemic with the risk of fulminant septicaemia. While diabetes mellitus is a well-established risk factor for melioidiosis, little is known if specific hypoglycemic(More)
Vitamin D level is linked to susceptibility to infections, but its relevance in candidemia is unknown. We aimed to investigate the in vivo sequelae of vitamin D3 supplementation in systemic Candida infection. Implicating the role of vitamin D in Candida infections, we showed that candidemic patients had significantly lower 25-OHD concentrations.(More)
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