Sharada A. Sarnaik

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Renal involvement is common in homozygous sickle cell disease (HbSS), including glomerular hypertension and hypertrophy similar to that seen in rodent models of ablative nephrectomy and stage I diabetic nephropathy (DN). The proteinuria in the rodent models is attenuated by angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition (ACEI). Microalbuminuria (MA) is a(More)
Gray-scale ultrasound examination of the gallbladder was successfully performed in 226 patients with sickle cell hemoglobinopathy from 2 to 18 years of age. Sixty-three (27%) demonstrated the presence of gallstones; 14 additional patients had "sludge." The incidence of gallstones increased significantly with age, from 12% in the 2- to 4-year age group to(More)
BACKGROUND Sickle-cell anaemia is associated with substantial morbidity from acute complications and organ dysfunction beginning in the first year of life. Hydroxycarbamide substantially reduces episodes of pain and acute chest syndrome, admissions to hospital, and transfusions in adults with sickle-cell anaemia. We assessed the effect of hydroxycarbamide(More)
Cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) are serious complications of sickle cell anemia (SS) in children. Factors that predispose children to this complication are not well established. In an effort to elucidate the risk factors associated with CVA in SS, we have determined the alpha-globin genotype and the beta(S) haplotype of children with this complication.(More)
BACKGROUND Silent cerebral infarcts are the most common neurologic injury in children with sickle cell anemia and are associated with the recurrence of an infarct (stroke or silent cerebral infarct). We tested the hypothesis that the incidence of the recurrence of an infarct would be lower among children who underwent regular blood-transfusion therapy than(More)
Localized Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) of bone often presents as a diagnostic challenge. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is frequently used to better delineate most solitary bony lesions. The authors present two cases that illustrate and better define the role of MRI in the evaluation of solitary bone lesions of LCH. In a 3-year-old boy with(More)
Immunologic abnormalities qualitatively similar to those seen in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), including a low helper/suppressor lymphocyte ratio and low natural killer (NK) activity, have been observed in many hemophiliacs receiving clotting factor concentrates. To determine whether these changes also occur after repeated blood transfusion, we(More)
Children and young adults with hemolytic anemias requiring frequent transfusions develop increased liver iron content. We evaluated 15 chronically transfused children with sickle cell disease to determine whether spin-echo magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was useful in assessing the degree of iron overload. Quantitative MR parameters were correlated with(More)
The most common form of neurologic injury in sickle cell anemia (SCA) is silent cerebral infarction (SCI). In the Silent Cerebral Infarct Multi-Center Clinical Trial, we sought to identify risk factors associated with SCI. In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the clinical history and baseline laboratory values and performed magnetic resonance imaging(More)