Sharad P Kale

Learn More
Individual cells of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae have a limited replicative life-span. The role of the genes RAS1 and RAS2 in yeast longevity was examined. Over-expression of RAS2 led to a 30% increase in the life-span on average and postponed the senescence-related increase in generation time seen during yeast aging. No life-span extension was(More)
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has a finite life span that is measured by the number of times the individual cell divides. The gene coding for one of several transcripts that are differentially expressed during the replicative life span has been cloned. The nucleotide sequence revealed an open reading frame capable of encoding a transmembrane protein of(More)
An adenylate-cyclase-encoding gene, tac1, of Trichoderma virens, a soil fungus used in the biocontrol of plant pathogens, has been cloned and sequenced. The tac1 ORF spanned 7032 bp, encoding a protein of 2153 aa, which shared an identity of 65 % with the adenylate cyclase of Colletotrichum lagenarium. Deletion of tac1, through double-crossover homologous(More)
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is mortal. Before they die, individual yeasts bud repeatedly producing a finite number of progeny, which have the capacity for a full life span. A feature of aging in many species is the waning of resistance to stress. To determine whether this is the case in yeast, we have examined the survival (viability) of(More)
Lindane (γ-hexachlorocyclohexane), a persistent organo-chlorine insecticide widely used in developing countries, has a negative effect as a polluting agent of soil and surface waters. Plants can be used for remediation of organic pollutants and their efficiency can be enhanced by introduction of heterologous genes. Mammalian cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1), an(More)
Plants can be used for remediation of polyaromatic hydrocarbons, which are known to be a major concern for human health. Metabolism of xenobiotic compounds in plants occurs in three phases and glutathione transferases (GST) mediate phase II of xenobiotic transformation. Plants, although have GSTs, they are not very efficient for degradation of exogenous(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae has a limited life span, measured by the reproductive capacity of the individual cell. Several genes that are differentially expressed during the yeast life span have been isolated. One of these genes, LAG2, has been characterized for its role in longevity. LAG2 is preferentially expressed in young cells. It encodes a predicted 680(More)
Bioremediation of DDT in soil by genetically improved recombinants of the soil fungus Fusarium solani was studied. The parent strains were isolated from soil enriched with DDD or DDE (immediate anaerobic and aerobic degradation products of DDT), as further degradation of these products are slow processes compared to the parent compound. These naturally(More)
We have studied the functions of the Trichoderma virens TmkB, a homologue of the yeast cell-wall integrity MAP kinase Slt2, using gene knockout. The functions of TmkB were compared to those of the pathogenicity MAP kinase homologue (TmkA). Like the tmkA loss-of-function mutants, tmkB mutants exhibited reduced radial growth and constitutive conidiation in(More)
We report the production of two types of siderophores namely catecholate and hydroxamate in modified succinic acid medium (SM) from Alcaligenes faecalis. Two fractions of siderophores were purified on amberlite XAD, major fraction was hydroxamate type having a λmax at 224 nm and minor fraction appeared as catecholate with a λmax of 264 nm. The recovery(More)
  • 1