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High mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) has been implicated as an important mediator in the pathogenesis of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the expression of HMGB1 in plasma and sputum of patients with asthma and COPD across disease severity needs to be defined. The objective of the study was to examine the induced sputum(More)
A method for rapidly determining t,t-muconic acid (MA) by high performance liquid chromatography was developed and successfully applied to urine samples from 152 workers exposed to benzene (64 men, 88 women) and 213 non-exposed controls (113 men, 100 women). The MA concentrations in urine correlated linearly with time weighted average benzene concentrations(More)
Recent studies indicate that competitive and non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonists can block the development of morphine tolerance. Since glycine is considered to be a co-agonist for activation of NMDA receptors we examined the effect of a novel bioavailable NMDA receptor/glycine site antagonist, 5-nitro-6,7-dimethyl-1,4-dihydro-2,3-quinoxalinedione(More)
Excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists show potential for the treatment of ischemic stroke and head trauma. In search of novel antagonists, a series of alkyl- and alkoxyl-substituted 1, 4-dihydro-2,3-quinoxalinediones were synthesized and assayed for inhibition of glutamate receptors. We report on the pharmacological characterization of one such(More)
The exposure intensity during a shift and the metabolite levels in the shift-end urine were examined in male workers exposed to either benzene (65 subjects; the benzene group), toluene (35 subjects; the toluene group), or a mixture of both (55 subjects; the mixture group). In addition, 35 non-exposed male workers (the control group) were similarly examined(More)
The health effects of exposure to a mixture of toluene and xylene isomers was studied on the fourth or fifth days of a working week in factories in China. The study population comprised 233 subjects (122 men and 111 women), who were exposed to the time weighted geometric mean (maximum) concentrations of toluene (3 (203) ppm) and xylenes (4 (103) ppm). For(More)
Time weighted average concentrations of benzene in breathing zone air (measured by diffusive sampling coupled with FID gas chromatography) and concentrations of catechol and quinol in the urine (collected at about 1500 in the second half of a working week and analysed by high performance liquid chromatography) were compared in 152 workers who were exposed(More)
E-cadherin (epithelial cadherin), a transmembrane protein, provides essential architecture and immunological function to the airway epithelium, a barrier structure that plays an essential role in asthma pathogenesis. Toluene diisocyanate (TDI) is currently one of the leading causes of occupational asthma. However, relatively few studies have been undertaken(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence describing the association between pulmonary function and carotid atherosclerosis has been inconclusive and the role of smoking in this association is unclear. We therefore examined this association in the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study-CVD Subcohort. METHODS Common carotid artery (CCA) intima-media thickness (IMT) and carotid plaques(More)
A factory survey was conducted in a plant where N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) was in use during the production of polyurethane plastics and related materials. In all, 318 DMF-exposed workers (195 men and 123 women) and 143 non-exposed controls (67 men and 76 women) were examined for time-weighted average exposure (to DMF and other solvents by diffusive(More)