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BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in acute lung injury (ALI), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). A change in the balance of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and NO in the ALI/ARDS can also add to these problems. However, the profile of ET-1 and the balance of ET-1 and NO are still unknown in a(More)
Previous studies have shown that matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and its cognate inhibitor TIMP-1, inflammatory cytokine TNF-α, and the OPG/RANK/RANKL system may each play individual roles in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis in patients with COPD. In the present study, we investigated the interrelationships of these factors in male COPD patients with and(More)
A molecular electronegativity distance vector based on 13 atomic types, called MEDV-13, is a descriptor for predicting the biological activities of molecules based on the quantitative structure-activity relations (QSAR). The MEDV-13 uses a modified electrotopological state (E-state) index to substitute for the relative eletronegativity (q) of non-hydrogen(More)
Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that up-regulation of the angiotensin (Ang)-converting enzyme (ACE)/AngII/AngII type 1 receptor (AT1R) axis aggravates pulmonary fibrosis. The recently discovered ACE2/Ang-(1-7)/Mas axis, which counteracts the activity of the ACE/AngII/AT1R axis, has been shown to protect against pulmonary fibrosis. However, the(More)
Conflicting research has identified METCAM/MUC18, an integral membrane cell adhesion molecule (CAM) in the Ig-like gene super-family, as both a tumor promoter and a tumor suppressor in the development of breast cancer. To resolve this, we have re-investigated the role of this CAM in the progression of human breast cancer cells. Three breast cancer cell(More)
Previous research has identified METCAM/MUC18, an integral membrane cell adhesion molecule (CAM) in the Ig-like gene super-family, as a promoter or a suppressor in the development of human breast cancer by MCF7, MDA-MB-231, and MDA-MB-468. To resolve these conflicting results we have investigated the role of this CAM in the progression of the three(More)
UNLABELLED Etiologic diagnoses of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) have been relying primarily on bacterial cultures that often fail to return useful results in time. Although DNA-based assays are more sensitive than bacterial cultures in detecting pathogens, the molecular results are often inconsistent and challenged by doubts on false positives,(More)
BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) remains as an important microbial pathogen resulting in community and nosocomial acquired infections with significant morbidity and mortality. Few reports for S. aureus in lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) have been documented. The aim of this study was to explore the molecular epidemiology of S. aureus(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the expression and effect of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) in the lung tissue of rats established by passive smoking or intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS Eight-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 15) were randomly divided into 3 groups, including: (1) group A: conventional breeding; (2) group B: the(More)
In this study, heparin was covalently coupled by glutaraldehyde to Poly(vinyl alcohol) [PVA] in solid-liquid two-phase reaction system by two-step synthesis method to prepare a LDL-selective adsorbent. The parameters (the material ratio, reaction time and dosage of catalyzer) were investigated to evaluate their effect upon the immobilized amount of heparin(More)