Shaoping Deng

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Excessive secretion of glucagon is a major contributor to the development of diabetic hyperglycemia. Secretion of glucagon is regulated by various nutrients, with glucose being a primary determinant of the rate of alpha cell glucagon secretion. The intra-islet action of insulin is essential to exert the effect of glucose on the alpha cells since, in the(More)
Type 2 diabetic subjects manifest both disordered insulin action and abnormalities in their pancreatic islet cells. Whether the latter represents a primary defect or is a consequence of the former is unknown. To examine the beta-cell mass and function of islets from type 2 diabetic patients directly, we isolated islets from pancreata of type 2 diabetic(More)
Rapamycin (sirolimus) is a macrolide fungicide with immunosuppressant properties that is used in human islet transplantation. Little is known about the effects of rapamycin on MIN-6 cells and islets. Rapamycin had a dose-dependent, time-dependent, and glucose-independent deleterious effect on MIN-6 cell viability. At day 1, using the MTT method, 0.01 nmol/l(More)
Glucose is the primary regulator of insulin granule release from pancreatic islets. In rodent islets, the role of glucose in the acute regulation of insulin gene transcription has remained unclear, primarily because the abundance and long half-life of insulin mRNA confounds analysis of transcription by traditional methods that measure steady-state mRNA(More)
We have recently shown that leucine culture upregulates ATP synthase beta-subunit (ATPSbeta) and increases ATP level, cytosolic Ca(2+), and glucose-induced insulin secretion in rat islets. The aim is to test whether glucokinase expression is also affected in rat islets and its role in glucose sensitization during leucine culture. Leucine culture increased(More)
Regulatory B (Breg) cells have been shown to play a critical role in immune homeostasis and in autoimmunity models. We have recently demonstrated that combined anti-T cell immunoglobulin domain and mucin domain-1 and anti-CD45RB antibody treatment results in tolerance to full MHC-mismatched islet allografts in mice by generating Breg cells that are(More)
Previous studies have documented that the insulin-producing beta-cells of laboratory rodents are coupled by gap junction channels made solely of the connexin36 (Cx36) protein, and have shown that loss of this protein desynchronizes beta-cells, leading to secretory defects reminiscent of those observed in type 2 diabetes. Since human islets differ in several(More)
Recent improvements in isolated islet transplantation indicate that this therapy may ultimately prove applicable to patients with type I diabetes. An obstacle preventing widespread application of islet transplantation is an insufficient supply of cadaveric pancreata. Non-heart-beating donors (NHBDs) are generally not deemed suitable for whole-organ pancreas(More)
The immune system is comprised of several CD4(+) T regulatory (Treg) cell types, of which two, the Foxp3(+) Treg and T regulatory type 1 (Tr1) cells, have frequently been associated with transplant tolerance. However, whether and how these two Treg-cell types synergize to promote allograft tolerance remains unknown. We previously developed a mouse model of(More)
Regulatory T cells preserve tolerance to peripheral self-Ags and may control the response to allogeneic tissues to promote transplantation tolerance. Although prior studies have demonstrated prolonged allograft survival in the presence of regulatory T cells (T-reg), data documenting the capacity of these cells to promote tolerance in immunocompetent(More)