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A number of studies have investigated the mechanical properties of adult spinal cord under tension, however it is not known whether age has an effect on these properties. This is of interest to those aiming to understand the clinical differences between adults and children with spinal cord injury (e.g. severity and recovery), and those developing(More)
Knowledge of the biomechanical properties of central nervous system (CNS) tissues is important for understanding mechanisms and thresholds for injury, and aiding development of computer or surrogate models of these tissues. Many investigations have been conducted to estimate the properties of CNS tissues including under shear, compressive and tensile(More)
BACKGROUND Posttraumatic syringomyelia affects approximately 28% of spinal cord injury patients, and current treatments are often ineffective. The pathogenesis of this condition remains poorly understood. Previous reports have focused on pathways and mechanisms of fluid inflow; however, disturbances of fluid outflow mechanisms and pathways may be important(More)
Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is an astroglial water channel protein that plays an important role in the transmembrane movement of water within the central nervous system. AQP4 has been implicated in numerous pathological conditions involving abnormal fluid accumulation, including spinal cord edema following traumatic injury. AQP4 has not been studied in(More)
Understanding the mechanisms of tissue injury in hydrocephalus is important to shed light on the pathophysiology of this neurostructural disorder. To date, most of the finite element models created to study hydrocephalus have been two-dimensional (2D). This may not be adequate as the geometry of the cerebral ventricles is unique. In this study, a(More)
Understanding neural injury in hydrocephalus and how the brain changes during the course of the disease in-vivo remain unclear. This study describes brain deformation, microstructural and mechanical properties changes during obstructive hydrocephalus development in a rat model using multimodal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Hydrocephalus was induced in(More)
OBJECT Noncommunicating canalicular syringomyelia occurs in up to 65% of patients with Chiari malformation Type I. The pathogenesis of this type of syringomyelia is poorly understood and treatment is not always effective. Although it is generally thought that syringomyelia is simply an accumulation of CSF from the subarachnoid space, the pathogenesis is(More)
Information on pediatric brain tissue mechanical properties and, more pertinently, how they change during postnatal development remains scarce despite its importance to investigate mechanisms of neural injury. The aim of this study is to determine whether brain mechanical properties change in-vivo during early postnatal development in a rat model. Rat brain(More)
We aimed to show how endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) treatment may affect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow dynamics in hydrocephalus, with and without aqueductal stenosis. Hydrocephalus is a neurological disorder which is characterized by enlarged brain ventricles. The periodic motion of CSF flow as a function of the cardiac cycle was prescribed as the(More)