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The porous properties of brain tissue are important for understanding normal and abnormal cerebrospinal fluid flow in the brain. In this study, a poroviscoelastic model was fitted to the stress relaxation response of white matter in unconfined compression performed under a range of low strain rates. A set of experiments was also performed on the tissue(More)
Characterising soft biological tissues outside the linear viscoelastic regime is challenging due to their complex behaviour. In addition, the viscoelastic properties of tissues have been shown to be sensitive to sample preparation and loading regime resulting in inconsistent data varying by orders magnitude in the literature. This paper presents a novel(More)
Understanding the mechanisms of tissue injury in hydrocephalus is important to shed light on the pathophysiology of this neurostructural disorder. To date, most of the finite element models created to study hydrocephalus have been two-dimensional (2D). This may not be adequate as the geometry of the cerebral ventricles is unique. In this study, a(More)
The interthalamic adhesion is a unique feature of the third ventricle in the brain. It differs in shape and size and its location varies between individuals. In this study, computational fluid dynamics was performed on 4 three-dimensional models of the cerebral ventricular system with the interthalamic adhesion modeled in different locations in the third(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the anisotropic elasticity of soft tissues using MR elastography (MRE) combined with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). MATERIALS AND METHODS The storage moduli parallel (μ(‖)) and perpendicular (μ(⊥)) to the local fiber orientation were calculated assuming a transversely isotropic model. The local fiber orientation was provided by(More)
Knowledge of the biomechanical properties of central nervous system (CNS) tissues is important for understanding mechanisms and thresholds for injury, and aiding development of computer or surrogate models of these tissues. Many investigations have been conducted to estimate the properties of CNS tissues including under shear, compressive and tensile(More)
Characterizing the mechanical properties of soft biological tissues presents a formidable challenge. In order to ensure that the structure of the specimens is at a repeatable reference state, preconditioning is commonly performed before the actual test. However, the exact mechanisms of preconditioning remain unclear and more research on this issue needs to(More)
Images obtained from magnetic resonance imaging have helped to ascertain that both the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and brain move in a pulsatile manner within the cranium. However, these images are not able to reveal any quantitative information on the physiological forces that are associated with pulsatile motion. Understanding both the pressure and velocity(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES This study aimed to determine whether tongue stiffness (shear modulus) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is different for controls matched for age, sex, and body mass index (BMI), and to investigate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on stiffness. DESIGN Controlled experimental study. SETTING Medical(More)
Syringomyelia is a neurological disorder characterised by high pressure fluid-filled cysts within the spinal cord. As syringomyelia is associated with abnormalities of the central nervous system that obstruct cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow, it is thought that changes in CSF dynamics play an important role in its pathogenesis. Using three-dimensional(More)