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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Interferon-gamma induced protein 10 (IP-10) was suggested to be involved in liver injury in viral hepatitis. This study aimed to investigate the impact of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) G-201A (rs1439490) in IP-10 gene on disease progression of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. METHODS The -201 SNP in IP-10 promoter was(More)
GOALS This study attempts to determine expressions of intrahepatic proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines and their secreting immunocytes to evaluate their roles in the pathogenesis of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) in chronically hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients. BACKGROUND ACLF generally affects patients with established,(More)
With cancer being a major cause of death worldwide, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been investigated as novel and non-invasive biomarkers for cancer diagnosis. Recently, microRNA-21 (miR-21) attracts much attention for its aberrant expression and has been widely studied in various cancers. However, the inconsistent results from studies make it hard to evaluate the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the features of hepatitis B virus (HBV) basal core promoter/precore (BCP/PC) mutations and genotypes in a large number of mild/severe chronic hepatitis B (CHB-M/CHB-S), and acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) patients and analyze the clinical implications of the virologic features. PATIENTS AND METHODS Sera of 793 (325 CHB-M,(More)
Sequences of the untranslated regions at the 5' and 3' ends (5'UTR and 3'UTR) of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA genome are highly conserved and contain cis-acting RNA elements for HCV RNA replication. The HCV 5'UTR consists of two distinct RNA elements, a short 5'-proximal stem-loop RNA element (nucleotides 1 to 43) and a longer element of internal(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the major causes of chronic liver inflammation. Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) plays a key role in innate immunity and is responsible for recognizing viral pathogens. It has been reported that the TLR3 C1234T polymorphism is associated with various diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate whether TLR3(More)
Vibrio parahaemolyticus AphA and OpaR are the two master regulators of quorum sensing (QS) that are abundantly produced and operate at low cell density (LCD) and high cell density (HCD), respectively, with an outcome of reciprocally gradient production of these two proteins with transition between LCD and HCD. The cpsQ-mfpABC gene cluster is transcribed as(More)
Here, we report a case of multidrug resistance in a patient with chronic hepatitis B. The patient sequentially received lamivudine, adefovir dipivoxil and entecavir, and subsequently developed single-, double- and triple-drug-resistant HBV strains. We consider this case report important because it documents, for the first time, that triple-drug-resistant(More)
BACKGROUND To explore the clinical and pathological characteristics and pathogenesis of autoimmunohepatitis (AIH). METHODS The serum and liver biopsy specimens and clinical data of 26 cases with patients with AIH were analyzed and scored according to the criteria of International autoimmune hepatitis (IAIHG, 1999). The changes of dendritic cells (DC) in(More)
AIM Dendritic cells (DCs) pulsed with HBsAg efficiently reverse the immune tolerance to hepatitis B virus (HBV) and induce HBV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses in transgenic mice and healthy volunteers. However, it is not clear whether HBV core antigen (HBcAg)-pulsed DCs can effectively induce CD4(+) helper T cells polarization into Th1,(More)