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Epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) are expressed in the apical membrane of high resistance Na(+) transporting epithelia and have a key role in regulating extracellular fluid volume and the volume of airway surface liquids. Maturation and activation of ENaC subunits involves furin-dependent cleavage of the ectodomain at two sites in the alpha subunit and at a(More)
Na(+) absorption in the renal cortical collecting duct (CCD) is mediated by apical epithelial Na(+) channels (ENaCs). The CCD is subject to continuous variations in intraluminal flow rate that we speculate alters hydrostatic pressure, membrane stretch, and shear stress. Although ENaCs share limited sequence homology with putative mechanosensitive ion(More)
The epithelial Na+ Channel (ENaC) mediates Na+ reabsorption in a variety of epithelial tissues. ENaC is composed of three homologous subunits, termed alpha, beta, and gamma. All three subunits participate in channel formation as the absence of any one subunit results in a significant reduction or complete abrogation of Na+ current expression in Xenopus(More)
Epithelial sodium channels (ENaCs) mediate Na(+) entry across the apical membrane of high resistance epithelia that line the distal nephron, airway and alveoli, and distal colon. These channels are composed of three homologous subunits, termed alpha, beta, and gamma, which have intracellular amino and carboxyl termini and two membrane-spanning domains(More)
Previous studies have shown that epithelial Na+ channels (ENaCs) are activated by laminar shear stress (LSS). ENaCs with a high intrinsic open probability because of a mutation (betaS518K) or covalent modification of an introduced Cys residue (alphaS580C) in the pre-second transmembrane domain (pre-M2) were not activated by LSS, suggesting that the pre-M2(More)
The degenerin/epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) superfamily is a group of structurally related ion channels that are involved in diverse biological processes, including responses to mechanical stimuli. In renal cortical collecting ducts, changes in rates of perfusion affect Na+ reabsorption through an amiloride-sensitive pathway, suggesting that ENaC may be a(More)
Epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) are regulated by various intracellular and extracellular factors including divalent cations. We studied the inhibitory effect and mechanism of external Ni(2+) on cloned mouse alpha-beta-gamma ENaC expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Ni(2+) reduced amiloride-sensitive Na(+) currents of the wild type mouse ENaC in a dose-dependent(More)
Epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) have a crucial role in the regulation of extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure. To study the structure of the pore region of ENaC, the susceptibility of introduced cysteine residues to sulfhydryl-reactive methanethiosulfonate derivatives ((2-aminoethyl)methanethiosulfonate hydrobromide (MTSEA) and(More)
The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is composed of three homologous subunits termed alpha, beta, and gamma. Previous studies suggest that selected residues within a hydrophobic region immediately preceding the second membrane-spanning domain of each subunit contribute to the conducting pore of ENaC. We probed the pore of mouse ENaC by systematically(More)
Epithelial Na+ channels (ENaC) are inhibited by extracellular Na+, a process referred to as Na+ self-inhibition. We previously demonstrated that mutation of key residues within two furin cleavage consensus sites in alpha, or one site in gamma, blocked subunit proteolysis and inhibited channel activity when mutant channels were expressed in Xenopus laevis(More)