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The application of current channelrhodopsin-based optogenetic tools is limited by the lack of strict ion selectivity and the inability to extend the spectra sensitivity into the near-infrared (NIR) tissue transmissible range. Here we present an NIR-stimulable optogenetic platform (termed 'Opto-CRAC') that selectively and remotely controls Ca(2+)(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the pathogenesis of a patient born with congenital heart defects, who had appeared normal in prenatal screening. METHODS In routine prenatal screening, G-banding was performed to analyse the karyotypes of the family and fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to investigate the 22q11.2 deletion in the fetus. After birth, the(More)
Transcription factor TBX1 plays a pivotal role in heart development and has been implicated in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. The structure of this protein has been elucidated, and several mutations have been identified that disrupt TBX1 localization, DNA/protein-binding, or mRNA expression. This study reports a mutation in the TBX1 gene that leads to(More)
BACKGROUND Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) is a rare but severe clinically heterogeneous developmental disorder characterized by facial dysmorphia, growth and cognitive retardation, and abnormalities of limb development. OBJECTIVES To determine the pathogenesis of a patient with CdLS. METHODS We studied a patient with CdLS by whole exome sequencing,(More)
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