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Fractalkine (FKN) is a membrane-bound chemokine that can be released by proteolysis to produce soluble FKN (s-FKN). FKN and its receptor, CX3CR1, are believed to be important factors in atherosclerosis and may play a role in acute inflammatory responses. Although FKN is expressed on endothelial cells (ECs), CX3CR1 is reported to reside mainly on certain(More)
Removal of apoptotic cells from inflammatory sites by macrophages is an important step in the resolution of inflammation. However, the effect of inflammatory modulators on phagocytic clearance of apoptotic cells remains to be clarified. In this paper, we demonstrate that lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a potent inflammatory agent, inhibits the phagocytosis of(More)
AIM To visualize cranial nerves (CNs) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with special parameters. This study also involved the evaluation of preoperative estimates and intraoperative confirmation of the relationship between nerves and tumor by verifying the accuracy of visualization. MATERIAL AND METHODS 3T magnetic resonance imaging scans including(More)
OBJECTIVE Traumatic brain injury (TBI) promotes the recruitment of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) into the injured tissue where EPCs play an important role in repairing injured vasculature. However, the repair mechanism and prognostic significance of EPCs after TBI remain poorly understood. METHODS Blood samples were collected from 21 patients with(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has a multitude of biological activity and is associated with a number of inflammatory and immune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The increased serum levels of MIF in patients not only suggest this protein as a marker for disease progression, but also as a potential therapeutic target. The aim of(More)
Formyl-peptide receptors are a family of 7 transmembrane domain, Gi-protein-coupled receptors that possess multiple functions in many pathophysiologic processes because of their expression in a variety of cell types and their capacity to interact with a variety of structurally diverse, chemotactic ligands. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) control immune responses and are central to the development of immune memory and tolerance. DCs initiate and orchestrate immune responses in a manner that depends on signals they receive from microbes and cellular environment. Although DCs consist mainly of bone marrow-derived and resident populations, a third tissue-derived population(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND Cystatin C is a member of the cysteine protease inhibitors and its function is to decrease protease activity. A recent study showed that it was aberrantly expressed in many malignant tumors in association with tumor invasion and metastasis. We attempted to detect its expression in esophageal cancer tissues and adjacent reparative normal(More)
Purpose. To investigate the effect of 2-Methoxyestradiol (2ME2) on experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) and the mechanism. Method. C57BL/6 male mice were used to establish the EAU model. 2ME2 was abdominal administrated in D0-D13, D0-D6, and D7-D13 and control group was given vehicle from D0-D13. At D14, pathological severity was scored. Lymphocyte(More)
Through-silicon via (TSV) is a promising technology for the three dimensional (3D) IC packaging industry. Well-managed TSV alleviate routing congestion, enhancing performance of 3D ICs. The logic cells stacked through TSV are analogous to the vertices to be traversed exactly once in a graph. However, traditional Hamilton loop method is a NP-hard(More)