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This chapter proposes a robust design approach that exploits the open-ended topological synthesis capability of genetic programming (GP) to evolve robust lowpass and highpass analog filters. Compared with a traditional robust design approach based on genetic algorithms (GAs), the open-ended topology search based on genetic programming and bond graph(More)
Balanced structure and parameter search is critical to evolutionary design with genetic programming (GP). Structure Fitness Sharing (SFS), based on a structure labeling technique, is proposed to maintain the structural diversity of a population and combat premature convergence of structures. SFS achieves balanced structure and parameter search by applying(More)
Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) has often been associated with abnormal mitochondrial open frames (ORF), orfH79 is a mitochondrial chimeric gene responsible for the CMS trait in Honglian (HL) rice. In this study, the weakly produced ORFH79 protein significantly inhibited the growth of E. coli in an oxygen culture, however, the growth of the transformants(More)
In the present study, seven galacturonosyltransferase-like (GATL) genes (OsGATLs) in rice (Oryza sativa L.) were genome-widely identified and the chromosomal locations and the gene structures of which were characterized. Under normal condition, OsGATL2 and OsGATL3 are highly expressed in root, while OsGATL4 is highly expressed in stem and leaf. Many(More)