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The role of genetics in male sexual orientation was investigated by pedigree and linkage analyses on 114 families of homosexual men. Increased rates of same-sex orientation were found in the maternal uncles and male cousins of these subjects, but not in their fathers or paternal relatives, suggesting the possibility of sex-linked transmission in a portion(More)
We recently reported that a 44 kd glycoprotein secreted by transformed fibroblasts stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of the product of the neu proto-oncogene and induces differentiation of mammary tumor cells to milk-producing, growth-arrested cells. A partial amino acid sequence of the protein, termed Neu differentiation factor (NDF), enabled cloning of(More)
Activated microglial have been proposed to play a pathogenetic role in immune-mediated neurodegenerative diseases. To test this hypothesis, purified murine neonatal microglial were cocultured with neuronal cells derived from fetal brain. Activation with IFN-gamma and LPS of these cocultures brought about a sharp decrease in uptake of gamma-amino butyric(More)
We have extended our analysis of the role of the long arm of the X chromosome (Xq28) in sexual orientation by DNA linkage analyses of two newly ascertained series of families that contained either two gay brothers or two lesbian sisters as well as heterosexual siblings. Linkage between the Xq28 markers and sexual orientation was detected for the gay male(More)
The serotonin transporter (5-HTT) regulates serotonergic neurotransmission and is thought to influence emotion. A 5-HTT-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) has two common variants, short (s) and long (l). We previously found population and within-family associations between the lower-expressing s allele and neuroticism, a trait related to anxiety,(More)
Rb protein (pRb) expression was evaluated in 185 cases of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder from patients that underwent radical cystectomy. Tumors were stratified into three categories based on the percentage of nuclei expressing pRb: (a) 0, 0% of tumor cells showing nuclear reactivity; (b) 1+, 1-50% of tumor cells showing nuclear reactivity; and(More)
Little is known about the participation of beta chemokines in inflammatory processes within the central nervous system. The release of three of these peptides (macrophage inflammatory protein [MIP]-1alpha, MIP-1beta, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1) from human fetal microglial cell and astrocyte cultures was assessed following stimulation by(More)
The influence of substances of abuse on the progression of HIV-1 infection is controversial, and pharmacologic factors have been postulated as a potential explanation for conflicting data arising from epidemiological studies and animal models. In the present study, cell culture models of HIV-1 infection were used to test this hypothesis. The synthetic(More)
BACKGROUND The origin and molecular pathogenesis of parathyroid carcinoma are unknown. This life-threatening cause of primary hyperparathyroidism cannot be reliably distinguished from its benign counterpart on the basis of histopathological features alone. Because the PRAD1, or cyclin D1, gene, a cell-cycle regulator, has been implicated in a subgroup of(More)
RB-protein status as determined by immunohistochemical analysis was compared with loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at the RB locus in 68 primary transitional-cell carcinomas of the bladder. Absence of RB-protein expression was found in 15 of 17 tumors in which LOH at the RB locus was identified, whereas 31 of 36 tumors from informative patients which showed no(More)