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The larvicidal activity of crude petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, and methanol extracts of the whole plants of Phryma leptostachya L. was assayed for its toxicity against the early fourth instar larvae of Culex pipiens pallens. The larval mortality was observed after 24 h of exposure. Among three solvent extracts from Phyrma leptostachya L., the petroleum(More)
Microbial transformation of diosgenin (3β-hydroxy-5-spirostene) using white-rot fungus Coriolus versicolor afforded four previously unreported polyhydroxylated steroids, 25(R)-spirost-5-en-3β,7α,15α,21-tetraol (5), 25(R)-spirost-5-en-3β,7β,12β,21-tetrol (6), (25R)-spirost-5-en-3β,7α,12β,21-tetraol (7), and (25R)-spirost-5-en-3β,7β,11α,21-tetraol (8), along(More)
For the first time, a set of (43) natural sesquiterpene polyol esters isolated from the root bark of Celastrus angulatus Maxim and Euonymus japonicus Thunb were subjected to 3D-QSAR comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) studies, with the aim of proposing novel sesquiterpene-based(More)
From the water-soluble portion of the methanol extract of stems of Ficus tikoua Bur., a new benzofuran glucoside, named 6-carboxyethyl-5-hydroxybenzofuran 5-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1), together with one known benzofuran glucoside (2) were isolated. Their structures were elucidated by 1D and 2D ((1)H-(1)H COSY, HMQC, and HMBC) NMR spectroscopy and HRMS(More)
The essential oil from the roots of Bupleurum longiradiatum, obtained by hydro-distillation was analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and evaluated for antimicrobial activity and antioxidant activity. Fifty-one compounds were identified, representing 99.3% of the total oil. The major constituents were thymol (7.0%), butylidene phthalide(More)
A new sesquiterpene polyol ester with a beta-dihydroagarofuran skeleton, NW37 (1), and three known compounds NW13 (2), NW16 (3) and NW35 (4) were isolated by bioassay-guided fractionation from the highly polar MeOH extracts of the root bark of Celastrus angulatus. Their chemical structures were elucidated mainly by analyses of MS and NMR spectral data. The(More)
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