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Inhibition of spinal glutamate receptors induces antinociceptive effects in numerous animal models of pain. The present study compares the effects of intrathecally administered N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA glutamate receptor antagonists on nociceptive responses in the tail flick test. Potency of antagonists at NMDA and(More)
Excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists show potential for the treatment of ischemic stroke and head trauma. In search of novel antagonists, a series of alkyl- and alkoxyl-substituted 1, 4-dihydro-2,3-quinoxalinediones were synthesized and assayed for inhibition of glutamate receptors. We report on the pharmacological characterization of one such(More)
A series of N-(2-phenethyl)cinnamides was synthesized and assayed for antagonism at three N-methyl-D-asparate (NMDA) receptor subtypes (NR1A/2A-C). N-(2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl)-4-chlorocinnamide (6) was identified as a highly potent and selective antagonist of the NR1A/2B subtype.
A structure-based search and screen of our compound library identified N-(2-phenoxyethyl)-4-benzylpiperidine (8) as a novel N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist that has high selectivity for the NR1/2B subunit combination (IC(50) = 0.63 microM). We report on the optimization of this lead compound in terms of potency, side effect liability, and in(More)
Recent studies indicate that competitive and non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonists can block the development of morphine tolerance. Since glycine is considered to be a co-agonist for activation of NMDA receptors we examined the effect of a novel bioavailable NMDA receptor/glycine site antagonist, 5-nitro-6,7-dimethyl-1,4-dihydro-2,3-quinoxalinedione(More)
A novel series of N-(phenylalkyl)cinnamides related to N-(4-phenylbutyl)-3,4-dihydroxy-beta-cyanocinnamide (6, an EGFR-K inhibitor with high antiproliferative activity) was synthesized and tested for antagonism at N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subtypes. Potency and subunit selectivity were assayed by electrical recordings in Xenopus oocytes(More)
A series of aromatic and azepine ring-modified analogs of 3-hydroxy-1H-1-benzazepine-2,5-dione (HBAD) were synthesized and evaluated as antagonists at NMDA receptor glycine sites. Aromatic ring-modified HBADs were generally prepared via a Schmidt reaction with substituted 2-methoxynaphthalene-1,4-diones followed by demethylation. Electrophilic aromatic(More)
A series of mono-, di-, tri-, and tetrasubstituted 1,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2,3-diones (QXs) were synthesized and evaluated as antagonists at N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)/glycine sites and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid-preferring non-NMDA receptors. Antagonist potencies were measured by electrical assays in Xenopus oocytes expressing(More)
A series of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline-2,3,4-trione 3-oximes (QTOs) was synthesized and evaluated for antagonism of NMDA receptor glycine site. Glycine site affinity was determined using a [3H]DCKA binding assay in rat brain membranes and electrophysiologically in Xenopus oocytes expressing 1a/2C subunits of cloned rat NMDA receptors. Selected compounds(More)
We report on a series of alkyl- and alkoxy-substituted 1,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2,3-diones (QXs), prepared as a continuation of our structure-activity relationship (SAR) study of QXs as antagonists for the glycine site of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. The in vitro potency of these antagonists was determined by displacement of the glycine site(More)