Shao-Ming Shen

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Heterodimeric transcription factor hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) functions as a master regulator of oxygen homeostasis in almost all nucleated mammalian cells. The fundamental process adapted to cellular oxygen alteration largely depends on the refined regulation on its alpha subunit, HIF-1α. Recent studies have unraveled expanding and critical roles(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction is recently thought to be tightly associated with the development of cardiac hypertrophy as well as hypertension. However, the detailed molecular events in mitochondria at early stages of hypertrophic pathogenesis are still unclear. Applying two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) combined with(More)
Annonaceous acetogenins are a family of natural products with antitumor activities. Annonaceous acetogenin mimic AA005 reportedly inhibits mammalian mitochondrial NADH-ubiquinone reductase (Complex I) and induces gastric cancer cell death. However, the mechanisms underlying its cell-death-inducing activity are unclear. We used SW620 colorectal(More)
The acidic leucine-rich nuclear phosphoprotein 32 (ANP32)B has been reported to regulate gene expression by acting as a histone chaperone or modulate messenger RNA trafficking by serving as a HuR ligand. However, its exact cellular functions are poorly understood. By utilizing a proteomics-based approach, in this work, we identify that the human ANP32B(More)
We reported previously that NSC606985, a camptothecin analogue, induces apoptosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells through proteolytic activation of protein kinase Cdelta. Here, we analyzed protein expression profiles of fractionated nuclei, mitochondria, raw endoplasmic reticula, and cytosols of NSC606985-induced apoptotic AML cell line NB4 cells by(More)
Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) exerts dual roles on cell death and survival, but its substrates as a putative oxidoreductase and roles in tumorigenesis remain elusive. Here, we report that AIF physically interacts with and inhibits the oxidation of phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome ten (PTEN), a tumor suppressor susceptible for(More)
Besides the contribution in cell death, apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) also exerts roles in other cellular activities, which are largely unknown. The CCAAT-enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPα) is required for differentiation of adipocytes and granulocytes. Here we report that, during 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation, AIF expression is robustly(More)
The acidic leucine-rich nuclear phosphoprotein 32B (ANP32B) is a member of a conserved superfamily of nuclear proteins whose functions are largely unknown. In our previous work, ANP32B was identified as a novel direct substrate for caspase-3 and acted as a negative regulator for leukemic cell apoptosis. In this work, we provided the first demonstration that(More)
One member of the highly conserved acidic leucine‑rich nuclear phosphoprotein 32 kDa (ANP32) family of proteins, ANP32B, is critical for normal development, as demonstrated by a study in ANP32B‑deficient mice. Another study indicated that ANP32B was a direct substrate of caspase‑3, and was primarily cleaved at the sequence Ala‑Glu‑Val‑Asp, following(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) is an oxygen-sensitive subunit of HIF-1, the master transcription factor for cellular response to hypoxia. Down-regulation of the mitochondrial enzyme superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) contributes to the stabilization of HIF-1α under hypoxia due to the decreased dismutation of superoxide radical. Here we report that HIF-1α(More)