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Histone modification has emerged as a fundamental mechanism for control of gene expression and cell differentiation. Recent studies suggest that SmyD1, a novo SET domain-containing protein, may play a critical role in cardiac muscle differentiation. However, its role in skeletal muscle development and its mechanism of actions remains elusive. Here we report(More)
Zebrafish have recently become a model of choice among developmental biologists. This unique model enables both modern molecular and genetic studies to be carried out to identify genes involved in a wide variety of developmental processes. The success of the genetic approach depends largely on the application of an easy and effective screening method to(More)
Members of the myogenic regulatory gene family, including MyoD, Myf5, Myogenin and MRF4, are specifically expressed in myoblast and skeletal muscle cells and play important roles in regulating skeletal muscle development and growth. They are capable of converting a variety of non-muscle cells into myoblasts and myotubes. To better understand their roles in(More)
Zebrafish tiggy-winkle hedgehog (twhh) is a member of the hedgehog gene family that plays an important role in patterning brain, neural tube, somites, and eyes. To better understand the regulation of its tissue-specific expression, the activity of the twhh promoter was determined in zebrafish embryos by transient and transgenic expression analysis.(More)
We have examined whether the development of embryonic muscle fiber type is regulated by competing influences between Hedgehog and TGFb signals, as previously shown for development of neuronal cell identity in the neural tube. We found that ectopic expression of Hedgehogs or inhibition of protein kinase A in zebrafish embryos induces slow muscle precursors(More)
Myogenin is a member of the basic Helix-Loop-Helix transcription factor family that play key roles in myoblast specification and differentiation. Myogenin is specifically expressed in developing somite and skeletal muscles in zebrafish embryos. To determine the regulation of myogenin expression, we reported here the characterization of zebrafish myogenin(More)
Heat-shock protein 90alpha (Hsp90alpha) is a member of the molecular chaperone family involved in protein folding and assembly. The role of Hsp90alpha in the developmental process, however, remains unclear. Here we report that zebrafish contains two Hsp90alpha genes, Hsp90alpha1, and Hsp90alpha2. Hsp90alpha1 is specifically expressed in developing somites(More)
Smyd1b is a member of the Smyd family that is specifically expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscles. Smyd1b plays a key role in thick filament assembly during myofibrillogenesis in skeletal muscles of zebrafish embryos. To better characterize Smyd1b function and its mechanism of action in myofibrillogenesis, we analyzed the effects of smyd1b knockdown on(More)
The ESX-1 secretion system plays a critical role in the virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. marinum. To date, three proteins are known to be secreted by ESX-1 and necessary for virulence, two of which are CFP-10 and ESAT-6. The ESX-1 secretion and the virulence mechanisms are not well understood. In this study, we have examined the M. marinum(More)
Zebrafish skeletal muscles are composed of two major types of muscle fibers, broadly classified as fast or slow fibers. Recent studies have demonstrated that members of the Hedgehog (Hh) family induce the formation of slow muscle fibers. Hedgehog signals are secreted proteins that function through the transcription factor Glis. We report here the(More)