Shao Feng Yu

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A retrovirus-derived vector called self-inactivating (SIN) vector was designed for the transduction of whole genes into mammalian cells. SIN vectors contain a deletion of 299 base pairs in the 3' long terminal repeat (LTR), which includes sequences encoding the enhancer and promoter functions. When viruses derived from such vectors were used to infect NIH(More)
The rapid transductional sequences initiated by interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) on binding to its receptor regulate functional and genomic responses in many cells but are not well defined. Induction of macrophage activation is an example of such functional and genomic changes in response to IFN-gamma. Addition of IFN-gamma to murine macrophages, at activating(More)
We present an unconventional approach to antiviral drug discovery, which is used to identify potent small molecules against rabies virus. First, we conceptualized viral capsid assembly as occurring via a host-catalyzed biochemical pathway, in contrast to the classical view of capsid formation by self-assembly. This suggested opportunities for antiviral(More)
Two recombinant retroviral vectors encoding the cDNA of the human adenosine deaminase (ADA; EC 3.5.4.4) gene and the bacterial neomycin resistance (Neo) gene have been used to transduce bone marrow cells obtained from four patients affected by the ADA-deficient variant of severe combined immunodeficiency. By utilizing the long-term marrow culture system,(More)
Although macrophage activation is induced in a complex manner by signals such as interferon-gamma (IFN gamma) and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and depends on alterations in levels of specific proteins due to differences in gene expression, the complexity of gene regulation during macrophage activation in regard to multiple signals is not fully(More)
Expression of the human ADA cDNA encoded by the Moloney murine leukemia virus spliced RNA form is enhanced by intron-contained sequences. The presence of sequences corresponding to the viral gag gene in a Moloney murine leukemia virus-based vector results in the generation of 10- to 40-fold higher titers of virus.
Primate bone marrow cells were infected with a retroviral vector carrying the genes for human adenosine deaminase (h-ADA) and bacterial neomycin resistance (neor). The infected cells were infused back into the lethally irradiated donor animals. Several monkeys fully reconstituted and were shown to express the h-ADA and neor genes at low levels in their(More)
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