Shao-Chih Chiu

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Increasing evidence suggests that PRMT5, a protein arginine methyltransferase, is involved in tumorigenesis. However, no systematic research has demonstrated the cell-transforming activity of PRMT5. We investigated the involvement of PRMT5 in tumor formation. First, we showed that PRMT5 was associated with many human cancers, through statistical analysis of(More)
Diabetes mellitus has been recognized since antiquity. It currently affects as many as 285 million people worldwide and results in heavy personal and national economic burdens. Considerable progress has been made in orthodox antidiabetic drugs. However, new remedies are still in great demand because of the limited efficacy and undesirable side effects of(More)
The regenerative capacity of the olfactory system has generated interest in potential clinical application of cells from the olfactory epithelium in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. Experimental evidence from animal models and clinical studies suggest that transplantation of olfactory ensheathing cells (OEC), specialized glia in the olfactory(More)
The natural compound n-butylidenephthalide (BP), which is isolated from the chloroform extract of Angelica sinensis, has been investigated for its antitumoral effects on glioblastoma multiform (GBM) brain tumors both in vitro and in vivo. To determine the mechanism of BP-induced growth arrest and apoptosis, we examined BP-induced changes in gene expression(More)
Methylosome protein 50 (MEP50) is a component of methylosome where MEP50 binds protein substrates and activates the oncogenic protein arginine methyl transferase 5 (PRMT5). MEP50 is also a coactivator for androgen receptor (AR) and estrogen receptor (ER), and transforms cells in the presence of androgen or estrogen. To extend the understanding of how MEP50(More)
BACKGROUND Myricetin is a naturally occurring flavonoid that is found in many fruits, vegetables, teas and medicinal herbs. It has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory properties, but, to date, no studies have described the immunomodulatory effects of myricetin on the functions of dendritic cells (DCs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the(More)
Adult stem cell therapy for the treatment of tendon injuries is a growing area of research. This study is aimed to investigate the efficacy of human adipose-derived stem cell (hADSC) injection on the tendon during its healing process in a rat model of rotator cuff injury. hADSCs were injected 3 days after collagenase-induced rotator cuff injuries in(More)
We previously developed a gene-gun-based in vivo screening system and identified shikonin as a potent suppressor of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene expression. Here, we show that shikonin selectively inhibits the expression of TNF-alpha at the RNA splicing level. Treatment of lipopolysaccharide-stimulated human primary monocytes and THP-1 cells(More)
Functional comparative genomic analysis of the cellular immunological effects of different anti-inflammatory phytocompounds is considered as a helpful approach to distinguish the complex and specific bioactivities of candidate phytomedicines. Using LPS-stimulated THP-1 monocytes, we characterize here the immunomodulatory activities of three single(More)
BACKGROUND Dendritic cells (DCs) are major modulators in the immune system. One active field of research is the manipulation of DCs as pharmacological targets to screen novel biological modifiers for the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune disorders. Acetylcorynoline is the major alkaloid component derived from Corydalis bungeana herbs. We assessed the(More)