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Author manuscripts have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication but have not yet been edited. HSP90 is a ubiquitous protein that is commonly overexpressed in cancer cells where it is required to promote the proper folding of several oncoproteins. Without its chaperoning presence, these proteins are ubiquitylated and degraded, hence inhibiting HSP90(More)
PURPOSE HSP90 is a chaperone protein required for the stability of a variety of client proteins. 17-Demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) is a natural product that binds to HSP90 and inhibits its activity, thereby inducing the degradation of these clients. In preclinical studies, HER2 is one of the most sensitive known client proteins of 17-AAG. On the basis of(More)
PURPOSE HER2-amplified breast cancer is sometimes clinically insensitive to HER2-targeted treatment with trastuzumab. Laboratory models of resistance have causally implicated changes in HER2 expression and activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-AKT pathway. We conducted a prospective tissue acquisition study to determine if there is evidence for(More)
PURPOSE To provide evidence-based recommendations to practicing oncologists and others on systemic therapy for patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -positive advanced breast cancer. METHODS The American Society of Clinical Oncology convened a panel of medical oncology, radiation oncology, guideline implementation, and advocacy(More)
Amplification of the HER2 gene and/or overexpression of its protein product have been found in up to 25% to 30% of human breast cancers and have been shown to be associated with poorer outcomes compared to 'HER2 normal' breast cancer. Research has focused on developing therapies directed to the HER2 receptor and its pathway. These include the monoclonal(More)
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) facilitates maturation and stability of HER2. Combining an Hsp90 inhibitor and trastuzumab has demonstrated anti-tumor effects in patients with HER2+ breast cancer. Adults with measurable, locally advanced or metastatic HER2+ breast cancer and prior trastuzumab treatment were enrolled in a phase 2 trial employing weekly 300(More)
PURPOSE Bevacizumab confers benefits in metastatic breast cancer but may be more effective as adjuvant therapy. We evaluated the cardiac safety of bevacizumab plus dose-dense doxorubicin-cyclophosphamide (ddAC) → nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-paclitaxel in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 normal early-stage breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
OBJECTIVE 68Ga-1,4,7,10-Tetraazacyclododecane-N,N',N'',N'''-tetraacetic acid (DOTA)-F(ab')2-trastuzumab [68Ga-DOTA-F(ab')2-trastuzumab] has been developed at our institution as a positron imaging reagent for assessing human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression status by in-vivo imaging. Initial studies on animals demonstrated promising(More)
Under stressful conditions, the heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) molecular chaperone protects cellular proteins (client proteins) from degradation via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. HSP90 expression is upregulated in cancers, and this contributes to the malignant phenotype of increased proliferation and decreased apoptosis and maintenance of metastatic(More)
In pre-clinical studies, the anti-tumor activity of T-DM1 was enhanced when combined with taxanes or pertuzumab. This phase 1b/2a study evaluated the safety/tolerability of T-DM1 + paclitaxel ± pertuzumab in HER2-positive advanced breast cancer. In phase 1b (n = 60), a 3 + 3 dose-escalation approach was used to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of(More)