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Hsp90 is an ATP dependent molecular chaperone protein which integrates multiple oncogenic pathways. As such, Hsp90 inhibition is a promising anti-cancer strategy. Several inhibitors that act on Hsp90 by binding to its N-terminal ATP pocket have entered clinical evaluation. Robust pre-clinical data suggested anti-tumor activity in multiple cancer types.(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the antibody-drug conjugate trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1), which combines human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -targeted delivery of the potent antimicrotubule agent DM1 with the antitumor activity of trastuzumab, is effective in patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) who have previously received(More)
PURPOSE To provide evidence-based recommendations to practicing oncologists and others on systemic therapy for patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -positive advanced breast cancer. METHODS The American Society of Clinical Oncology convened a panel of medical oncology, radiation oncology, guideline implementation, and advocacy(More)
PURPOSE HSP90 is a chaperone protein required for the stability of a variety of client proteins. 17-Demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) is a natural product that binds to HSP90 and inhibits its activity, thereby inducing the degradation of these clients. In preclinical studies, HER2 is one of the most sensitive known client proteins of 17-AAG. On the basis of(More)
Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is a HER2-targeted antibody-drug conjugate in development for treatment of HER2-positive cancers. T-DM1 has been tested as a single agent in a phase I and 2 phase II studies of patients with heavily pretreated metastatic breast cancer (MBC), with the maximum tolerated dose established at 3.6 mg/kg intravenously for every-3-week(More)
PURPOSE The CLEOPATRA (Clinical Evaluation of Trastuzumab and Pertuzumab) study demonstrated superior progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival when pertuzumab was added to trastuzumab and docetaxel. Paclitaxel given once per week is effective and less toxic than docetaxel. We performed a phase II study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of(More)
PURPOSE HER2-amplified breast cancer is sometimes clinically insensitive to HER2-targeted treatment with trastuzumab. Laboratory models of resistance have causally implicated changes in HER2 expression and activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-AKT pathway. We conducted a prospective tissue acquisition study to determine if there is evidence for(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a phase 1, multicenter, open-label, dose-escalation study (TDM3569g) to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of single-agent trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) administered weekly and once every 3 weeks in patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer previously treated with trastuzumab. The weekly dose results are(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of single-agent gemcitabine for the treatment of patients with anthracycline- and taxane-pretreated metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Eligible patients were required to have bidimensionally measurable MBC that had been treated with 2-4 prior chemotherapy regimens that included an(More)
PURPOSE To provide formal expert consensus-based recommendations to practicing oncologists and others on the management of brain metastases for patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -positive advanced breast cancer. METHODS The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) convened a panel of medical oncology, radiation oncology,(More)