Shantu G. Amin

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A human cytochrome P-450 (P450) 1B1 cDNA was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the microsomes containing P450 1B1 were used to examine the selectivity of this enzyme in the activation of a variety of environmental carcinogens and mutagens in Salmonella typhimurium TA1535/pSK1002 or NM2009 tester strains, using the SOS response as an end point of DNA(More)
The tobacco-specific N-nitrosamines 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL), as well as the Areca-derived N-nitrosoguvacoline (NG) were assayed for carcinogenicity in male F344 rats by lifetime administration in the drinking water. Groups of 30 to 80 rats were treated with 0.5 ppm, 1.0(More)
The cell surface marker CD34 marks mouse hair follicle bulge cells, which have attributes of stem cells, including quiescence and multipotency. Using a CD34 knockout (KO) mouse, we tested the hypothesis that CD34 may participate in tumor development in mice because hair follicle stem cells are thought to be a major target of carcinogens in the two-stage(More)
The present study shows that oral gavage of 6 mumol d,l-sulforaphane (SFN), a synthetic analogue of cruciferous vegetable-derived L isomer, thrice per week beginning at 6 weeks of age, significantly inhibits prostate carcinogenesis and pulmonary metastasis in TRAMP mice without causing any side effects. The incidence of the prostatic intraepithelial(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor involved in the regulation of multiple cellular pathways, such as xenobiotic metabolism and Th17 cell differentiation. Identification of key physiologically relevant ligands that regulate AHR function remains to be accomplished. Screening of indole metabolites has identified(More)
The fjord region diol-epoxide metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons display stronger tumorigenic activities in rodent studies than comparable bay region diol-epoxides, but the molecular basis for this difference between fjord and bay region derivatives is not understood. Here we tested whether the variable effects of these genotoxic metabolites of(More)
Tamoxifen (TAM) is an antiestrogen that has been widely used in the treatment and prevention of breast cancer in women. One of the major mechanisms of metabolism and elimination of TAM and its major active metabolites 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OH-TAM) and 4-OH-N-desmethyl-TAM (endoxifen; 4-hydroxy-N-desmethyl-tamoxifen) is via glucuronidation. Although limited(More)
The concept of selective receptor modulators has been established for the nuclear steroid hormone receptors. Such selective modulators have been used therapeutically with great success in the treatment of cancer. However, this concept has not been examined with regard to the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) because of the latent toxicity commonly associated(More)
We have characterized previously a class of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) ligand termed selective AHR modulators (SAhRMs). SAhRMs exhibit anti-inflammatory properties, including suppression of cytokine-mediated acute phase genes (e.g., Saa1), through dissociation of non-dioxin-response element (DRE) AHR activity from DRE-dependent xenobiotic gene(More)
BACKGROUND The HoNOS has been developed as a routine measure of outcomes in mental health. AIMS To explore the validity and interrater reliability of HoNOS in a first-onset psychosis follow-up study. METHOD Between 1992 and 1994 we ascertained a cohort of all persons with first-onset psychosis. We re-assessed these people at 3 years (n = 166) with(More)