Shanthi Sivakumar

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The effect of chloroform: methanolic (80:20) extract of C. asiatica (CA; 100 and 200 mg/kg), was evaluated on the course of free radical generation and excitotoxicity in monosodiumglutamate (MSG) treated female Sprague Dawley rats. The extract showed significant improvement in catalase, super oxide desmutase and lipid peroxides levels in hippocampus and(More)
The virulence of strains of egg drop syndrome (EDS) 1976 virus for the female reproductive tract of chickens was assessed in vitro using oviduct organ cultures (OOC) prepared from precociously induced oviducts in young chicks by oestrogen treatment. Ciliostasis, haemagglutination and virus titres in infected OOC supernatants, histology and immunoperoxidase(More)
Aloin (10-glucopyranosyl-1,8-dihydroxy-3-hydroxymethyl-9(10H)-anthracenone), a bioactive compound in Aloe vera, although known to have an anticancer effect, has not been used in current drug research. Optimization of the lead structure could enhance the utility of this compound. Hence, aloin was modified using natural amino acids to produce Schiff's base, a(More)
Several pests are capable of decreasing crop production causing severe economical and social losses. Aiming to find novel molecules that could impede the digestion process of different pests, a screening of alpha-amylase and trypsin-like proteinase inhibitors was carried out in Prosopis juliflora, showing the presence of both in dry seeds. Furthermore, a(More)
Commonly, RNA isolation is the initial step in the study of gene expression analysis and also in the utilization of genes for genetic improvement. However, the recovery of large amounts of RNA with high quality is a difficult process, especially in tissues containing enhanced levels of polysaccharides and other secondary metabolites. Since several(More)
Hemocyanin is a copper containing protein and its role in the immune function of phenoloxidase (PO) activity was investigated in the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Hemocyanin, sedimented by ultracentrifugation from the plasma appeared on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE 7%) on Coomassie Brilliant Blue and bathocuproine sulfonic(More)
Whiteleg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, with clinical sign of muscle opaqueness with reddish colour at the distal abdominal segments were observed in farms located in West Bengal State, India. The mortality of shrimp in all disease outbreak ponds ranged from 20% to 50%, and mortality increased gradually. The RT-PCR assay of these samples using primer sets(More)
In recent years, researchers have focused on viral and plant immunostimulants which could have beneficial effects in disease prevention and control in shrimp culture. At present, the application of the recombinant VP28 protein (r-VP28) and herbal immunostimulant has been considered as a more effective approach to prevent white spot syndrome (WSS) by(More)
Five Indian isolates of egg drop syndrome (EDS) 1976 virus and the reference strain 127 were compared by restriction enzyme analysis of viral DNA, and the hexon gene amplified by polymerase chain reaction. Using these techniques, no differences were seen among these viruses. However, partial sequencing of the hexon gene revealed major differences (4.6%) in(More)
Mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced against an Indian isolate of egg drop syndrome (EDS) virus and characterized. Four hybridoma clones were secreting mAbs that bound to a 100 kDa protein, presumably the hexon protein. These mAbs were found to cross-react with two other Indian isolates of EDS virus and to the reference UK 127 strain. Three of(More)