Shanthi Ganesh

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Adenoviral vectors devoid of all viral coding regions are referred to by many names, including gutless vectors. Gutless vectors display reduced toxicity and immunogenicity, increased duration of transgene expression, and increased coding capacity compared to early generation vectors, which contain the majority of the viral backbone genes. However, the(More)
While 51 human adenoviral serotypes have been identified to date, the vast majority of adenoviral vectors designed for gene transfer have been generated in the adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) backbone. Viral infections caused by Ad5 are endemic in most human populations and the majority of humans carry preexisting humoral and/or cellular immunity to Ad5 which(More)
The limited efficacy of adenovirus type 5 (Ad5)-based oncolytic viruses seen in the clinic thus far may be attributable in part to variable expression of its receptor on tumor cells. Replacement of the Ad5 fiber knob with the Ad35 fiber knob generated the Ad5/35 chimeric virus, which has previously been demonstrated to have significant antitumor activity in(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine the tumor specificity, cytotoxicity, and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor expression of CG0070, a conditionally replicating oncolytic adenovirus, in human bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) cell lines and determine its antitumor efficacy in bladder TCC tumor models. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Selective replication of oncolytic viruses in tumor cells provides a promising approach for the treatment of human cancers. One of the limitations observed with oncolytic viruses currently used in the treatment of solid tumors is the inefficient spread of virus throughout the tumor mass following intratumoral injection. Data are presented showing that(More)
One of the most time-consuming steps in the generation of adenoviral vectors is the construction of recombinant plasmids. This chapter describes a detailed method for the rapid construction of adenoviral vectors. The method described here uses homologous recombination machinery of Escherichia coli BJ5183 to construct plasmids used in generation of(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous clinical trials have demonstrated that oncolytic viruses can elicit antitumor responses when they are administered directly into localized cancers. However, the treatment of metastatic disease with oncolytic viruses has been challenging due to the inactivation of viruses by components of human blood and/or to inadequate tumor(More)
Selective replication of oncolytic viruses in tumor cells provides a promising approach for the treatment of human cancers. One of the limitations observed with oncolytic viruses currently used in the treatment of solid tumors is the inefficient spread of virus throughout the tumor mass following intratumoral injection. Data are presented showing that(More)
Gutless adenoviral vectors are devoid of all viral coding regions and display reduced cytotoxicity, diminished immunogenicity, and an increased coding capacity compared with early generation vectors. Using hemophilia A, a deficiency in clotting factor VIII (FVIII), as a model disease, we generated and evaluated a gutless vector encoding human FVIII. The(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) have been implicated as important stimulatory factors for retinal neovascularization. In this study, we used intraocular gene transfer with gutless adenoviral (AGV) vectors to determine the effect of increased intraocular expression of VEGF, IGF-1, or sphingosine kinase(More)