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Proteinases are involved in tumour invasion and metastasis. Several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been shown to be increased in various human carcinomas. We assessed the levels of MMP-2 (gelatinase A) and MMP-9 (gelatinase B) in 50 gastric carcinomas and corresponding mucosa using quantitative gelatin zymography. Both MMP levels were significantly(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous clinical trials have demonstrated that oncolytic viruses can elicit antitumor responses when they are administered directly into localized cancers. However, the treatment of metastatic disease with oncolytic viruses has been challenging due to the inactivation of viruses by components of human blood and/or to inadequate tumor(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine the tumor specificity, cytotoxicity, and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor expression of CG0070, a conditionally replicating oncolytic adenovirus, in human bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) cell lines and determine its antitumor efficacy in bladder TCC tumor models. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
PURPOSE Evaluate the codelivery of hyaluronidase enzyme with oncolytic adenoviruses to determine whether it improves the spread of the virus throughout tumors, thereby leading to a greater overall antitumor efficacy in tumor models. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The optimal dose of hyaluronidase that provided best transduction efficiency and spread of a green(More)
One of the most challenging aspects of lung cancer therapy is the rapid acquisition of multidrug-resistant (MDR) phenotype. One effective approach would be to identify and downregulate resistance-causing genes in tumors using small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) to increase the sensitivity of tumor cells to chemotherapeutic challenge. After identifying the(More)
Selective replication of oncolytic viruses in tumor cells provides a promising approach for the treatment of human cancers. One of the limitations observed with oncolytic viruses currently used in the treatment of solid tumors is the inefficient spread of virus throughout the tumor mass following intratumoral injection. Data are presented showing that(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate a fiber knob replacement strategy to improve infectivity and efficacy of Ad5 fiber chimeric oncolytic viruses for treatment of melanoma and head and neck cancers (HNC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Adenoviral receptors and transduction levels were used to determine the level of infectivity of fiber-modified, green(More)
BACKGROUND Barrett's oesophagus, columnar metaplasia of the epithelium, is a premalignant condition with a 50-100-fold increased risk of cancer. The condition is caused by chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux. Regression of metaplasia may decrease the cancer risk. AIMS To determine whether elimination of acid gastro-oesophageal reflux induces a regression of(More)
The plasminogen activation cascade is involved in carcinogenesis, invasion and metastasis. In this study plasminogen activators and their type 1 inhibitor were evaluated in colonic tissue from 19 patients with familial adenomatous polyposis coli, an inherited disorder characterised by the presence of thousands of adenomatous polyps in the colorectum which(More)