Shantá D. Hinton

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The pseudophosphatase MK-STYX (mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphoserine/threonine/tyrosine-binding protein) has been implicated in the stress response pathway. The expression of MK-STYX inhibits the assembly of stress granules, which are cytoplasmic storage sites for mRNA that form as a protective mechanism against stressors such as heat shock, UV(More)
The rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cell line is a widely used system to study neuronal differentiation for which sustained activation of the extracellular signaling related kinase (ERK) pathway is required. Here, we investigate the function of MK-STYX [MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) phosphoserine/threonine/tyrosine-binding protein] in neuronal(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are essential players in important neuronal signaling pathways including neuronal development, plasticity, survival, learning, and memory. The inactivation of MAPKs is tightly controlled by MAPK phosphatases (MKPs), which also are important regulators of these neuronal processes. Considering that MAPKs and MKPs are(More)
Aggresome formation, a cellular response to misfolded protein aggregates, is linked to cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. Previously we showed that Gag-v-ErbA (v-ErbA), a retroviral variant of the thyroid hormone receptor (TRα1), accumulates in and sequesters TRα1 into cytoplasmic foci. Here, we show that foci represent v-ErbA targeting to aggresomes.(More)
Pseudophosphatases regulate signal transduction cascades, but their mechanisms of action remain enigmatic. Reflecting this mystery, the prototypical pseudophosphatase STYX (phospho-serine-threonine/tyrosine-binding protein) was named with allusion to the river of the dead in Greek mythology to emphasize that these molecules are "dead" phosphatases. Although(More)
We report that protein kinase C (PKC) plays a regulatory role in early cleavage in Chaetopterus eggs. Using Western blotting, we assayed the expression patterns of conventional PKCs (cPKC), novel PKCs (nPKC), and atypical PKCs (aPKC). During early development after fertilization, PKC protein levels varied independently by isoform. PKC protein expression(More)
We previously reported that the pseudophosphatase MK-STYX (mitogen activated kinase phosphoserine/threonine/tyrosine binding protein) dramatically increases the number of what appeared to be primary neurites in rat pheochromocytoma (PC-12) cells; however, the question remained whether these MK-STYX-induced outgrowths were bona fide neurites, and formed(More)
Changes in protein tyrosine phosphorylation are an essential aspect of egg activation after fertilization. Such changes result from the net contributions of both tyrosine kinases and phosphatases (PTP). This study was conducted to determine what role(s) PTP may have in egg activation. We identified four novel PTP in Chaetopterus pergamentaceus oocytes,(More)
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