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Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) affects over 250 million people worldwide and is one of the most prevalent nutritional deficiencies in developing countries, resulting in significant socio-economic losses. Provitamin A carotenoids such as beta-carotene, are derived from plant foods and are a major source of vitamin A for the majority of the world's population.(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies have examined the association between ambient temperature and mortality. However, less evidence is available on the temperature effects on coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality, especially in China. In this study, we examined the relationship between ambient temperature and CHD mortality in Beijing, China during 2000 to 2011. In(More)
CONTEXT The association of obesity with development of type 2 diabetes may be partly mediated by altered secretion of adipokines by adipose tissue. Greater adiposity down-regulates secretion of adiponectin, an adipokine with anti-inflammatory and insulin-sensitizing properties. The strength and consistency of the relation between plasma adiponectin and risk(More)
Hepatitis C virus nonstructural protein 4B (NS4B) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane associated protein and a potent causative factor of ER stress. Here we reported that unfolded protein response (UPR) can be activated by HCV NS4B through inducing both XBP1 mRNA splicing and ATF6 cleavage in human hepatic cells. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that(More)
BACKGROUND An English language oral health-related negative impact scale for 0-5 year old infants (the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale [ECOHIS]) has recently been developed and validated. The overall aim of our study was to validate a French version of the ECOHIS. The objectives were to investigate the scale's: i) internal consistency; ii)(More)
Localization is crucial for wireless ad hoc and sensor networks. As the distance-measurement ranges are often less than that of the communication range for many ranging systems, most communication-dense wireless networks are often localization-sparse. Consequently, most existing algorithms fail to provide accurate localization supports. In order to address(More)
Numerous viruses including hepatitis B virus (HBV) induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, which interrupts protein folding causing accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in ER. To alleviate the stress placed on ER, these proteins must be refolded or degraded by activating a specific cellular response known as ER stress response or unfolded(More)
Dense multicilia in higher vertebrates are important for luminal flow and the removal of thick mucus. To generate hundreds of basal bodies for multiciliogenesis, specialized terminally differentiated epithelial cells undergo massive centriole amplification. In proliferating cells, however, centriole duplication occurs only once per cell cycle. How cells(More)
FK506, a widely used immunosuppressant, is produced by industrial fermentation processes using various Streptomyces species. However, the low titer becomes a bottleneck for its application and industrialization. It urgently required a full understanding of the biological mechanisms for FK506 overproduction. Towards this end, comparative metabolomics(More)
OBJECTIVE This article reviews panel studies of air pollution on children's respiratory health and proposes future research directions. METHODS The PubMed electronic database was used to search published original epidemiological studies in peer-reviewed journals from 2000 to November 2011. Children's age was limited to ≤18 years old. A total of 33(More)