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We investigated the relative importance to stability of the four component ligaments of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis. Eight fresh-frozen cadaver specimens were tested on a hydraulic test system during sequential cutting of the ligaments. The percentage resistance to 2 mm of diastasis was measured for the four ligaments. The anterior inferior(More)
Of the technical factors important in achieving a successful total knee arthroplasty, limb alignment has been demonstrated to be most influential in determining implant survival. Intramedullary femoral guide systems rely on placement of the intramedullary rod along the anatomic axis of the femur. In this article, the accuracy of the femoral intramedullary(More)
We performed a biomechanical comparison of two rotator cuff repair techniques using fresh-frozen human cadavers. Nine pairs of cadaveric shoulders had standardized full-thickness tears made at the supraspinatus tendon insertion. One of each pair of the cadaveric shoulders was repaired by pulling the tendon into a bone trough in the humeral head using(More)
Over a 10-year period, 19 patients were seen who had the clinical features of disruption of the syndesmotic ligaments of the ankle. Seventeen of these were available for follow-up by history and 13 by physical examination. The patients underwent an arthroscopy for persistent symptoms an average of 2 years following the injury. Preoperatively the patients(More)
This review details clinical and laboratory experience with the 308 nm XeCl excimer laser. This ultraviolet laser is not approved yet for use in arthroscopy, but has been shown to be extremely proficient for debridement of degenerate articular cartilage and meniscus. It has fewer advantages than conventional techniques for synovectomy, meniscectomy, and(More)
We report a prospective study to test the hypothesis that infiltrating the wound with bupivacaine during operations for the removal of iliac bone grafts will lead to a significant reduction of pain. Pain was assessed by a visual analogue scale applied at regular intervals. Bupivacaine infiltration appears to reduce pain for 24 hours, but only to a(More)