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Individual Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) were exercised using three different measures of swimming performance. (1) An endurance test (critical swimming speed, U(crit), protocol) designed to assess predominantly aerobic endurance swimming (duration hours). (2) An acceleration test (U(burst)), in which the fish were required to swim against a rapidly(More)
Locomotor performance of animals is of considerable interest from management, physiological, ecological and evolutionary perspectives. Yet, despite the extensive commercial exploitation of fishes and interest in the health of various fish stocks, the relationships between performance capacity, natural selection, ecology and physiology are poorly known for(More)
This paper reviews the general mechanisms by which leptin acts as a regulator of lipid reserves through changes in food intake, energy expenditure and fuel selection, with an emphasis on its direct effects on cellular lipid metabolism. Briefly, when leptin levels increase, food consumption decreases via modulation of hypothalamic neuropeptides. As well,(More)
High-altitude acclimation alters lipid metabolism during exercise, but it is unknown whether this involves changes in rates of lipolysis or reesterification, which form the triacylglycerol/fatty acid (TAG/FA) cycle. We combined indirect calorimetry with [2-(3)H]glycerol and [1-(14)C]palmitate infusions to simultaneously measure total lipid oxidation,(More)
Simultaneous lipolysis and reesterification form the triacylglycerol/fatty acid (TAG/FA) cycle, a substrate cycle commonly used for thermogenesis. Its rate was measured in vivo by indirect calorimetry and continuous infusion of [2-(3)H]glycerol and [1-(14)C]palmitate, after injection of leptin or vehicle saline in rabbits. Leptin stimulated in vivo(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether adipocyte enhancer binding protein (AEBP) 1, a transcriptional repressor that is down-regulated during adipogenesis, functions as a critical regulator of adipose tissue homeostasis through modulation of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) tumor suppressor activity and mitogen-activated protein(More)
Obesity is an important risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, and certain cancers, but the molecular basis for obesity is poorly understood. The transcriptional repressor AEBP1, which functions as a negative regulator of PTEN through a protein-protein interaction, is highly expressed in the stromal compartment of adipose tissues, including proliferative(More)
The energy metabolism of hibernators has not been characterized for normothermic fasting, and our goal was to quantify oxidative fuel selection of non-hibernating woodchucks Marmota monax during prolonged food deprivation. Indirect calorimetry and nitrogen excretion measurements were used to assess changes in metabolic rate (VO2), fuel selection and(More)
Adipocyte enhancer binding protein 1 (AEBP1) is a multifunctional protein that negatively regulates the tumor suppressor PTEN and IκBα, the inhibitor of NF-κB, through protein-protein interaction, thereby promoting cell survival and inflammation. Mice homozygous for a disrupted AEBP1 gene developed to term but showed defects in growth after birth.(More)