Shannon L O'Connell

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Genetic studies have identified a high bone mass of phenotype in both human and mouse when canonical Wnt signaling is increased. Secreted frizzled related protein 1 (sFRP1) is one of several Wnt antagonists and among the loss-of-function mouse models in which 32-week-old mice exhibit a high bone mass phenotype. Here we show that impact fracture healing is(More)
Murine models are commonly used to investigate bone healing and test new treatments before human trials. Our objective was to design an improved murine femur fracture device and determine optimal mass and velocity settings for maximal likelihood of transverse fracture. Fracture reproducibility was maximized using an adjustable kinetic energy level, a novel(More)
Inflammatory mediators and drugs which affect inflammation can influence the healing of injured tissues. Leukotrienes are potent inflammatory mediators, and similar to prostaglandins, are metabolites of arachidonic acid which can have positive or negative effects on bone and cartilage tissues. Here we tested the hypothesis that blocking the negative(More)
Glucocorticoids adversely affect bone and mineral metabolism through a number of mechanisms, including inhibition of bone formation. Deflazacort is a glucocorticoid which has been reported to be relatively “bone-sparing.” We compared the effects in oophorectomized sheep of deflazacort and prednisolone on the metabolism of osteocalcin (OC), a marker of(More)
Runx1, the hematopoietic lineage determining transcription factor, is present in perichondrium and chondrocytes. Here we addressed Runx1 functions, by examining expression in cartilage during mouse and human osteoarthritis (OA) progression and in response to mechanical loading. Spared and diseased compartments in knees of OA patients and in mice with(More)
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