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Humidity affects the extensibility of an orb-weaving spider's viscous thread droplets
SUMMARY The prey-capture threads found in most spider orb webs rely on viscous droplets for their stickiness. Each droplet is formed of a central mass of viscoelastic glycoprotein glue surrounded byExpand
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Environmental response and adaptation of glycoprotein glue within the droplets of viscous prey capture threads from araneoid spider orb-webs
SUMMARY Viscous threads that form the prey capture spiral of araneoid orb-webs retain insects that strike the web, giving a spider more time to locate and subdue them. The viscoelastic glycoproteinExpand
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Adhesive compatibility of cribellar and viscous prey capture threads and its implication for the evolution of orb-weaving spiders.
Evolution of orb-weaving spiders that comprise the Orbiculariae clade involved a transition in the composition of prey capture thread that has been challenging to explain. The primitive cribellarExpand
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Programmed knockout mutation of liver fluke granulin attenuates virulence of infection-induced hepatobiliary morbidity
Infection with the food-borne liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini is the principal risk factor (IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, 2012) for cholangiocarcinoma (CCA)Expand
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Programmed genome editing of the omega-1 ribonuclease of the blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni
CRISPR/Cas9-based genome editing has yet to be reported in species of the Platyhelminthes. We tested this approach by targeting omega-1 (ω1) of Schistosoma mansoni as proof of principle. ThisExpand
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Granulin Secreted by the Food-Borne Liver Fluke Opisthorchis viverrini Promotes Angiogenesis in Human Endothelial Cells
The liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini is a food-borne, zoonotic pathogen endemic to Thailand and adjacent countries in Southeast Asia. The adult developmental stage of the O. viverrini parasiteExpand
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Programmed mutation of liver fluke granulin using CRISPR/Cas9 attenuates virulence of infection-induced hepatobiliary morbidity
Infections with several flatworm parasites represent group 1 biological carcinogens, i.e. definite causes of cancer. Infection with the food-borne liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini causesExpand
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Transplantation of schistosome sporocysts between host snails: A video guide
Schistosomiasis is an important parasitic disease, touching roughly 200 million people worldwide. The causative agents are different Schistosoma species. Schistosomes have a complex life cycle, withExpand
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Differential responses of epithelial cells from urinary and biliary tract to eggs of Schistosoma haematobium and S. mansoni
Chronic urogenital schistosomiasis can lead to squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder. The International Agency for Research on Cancer classifies the infection with S. haematobium as a group 1Expand
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The stability of hygroscopic compounds in orb-web spider viscous thread
Abstract Each of the droplets that form an orb-weaving spider's viscous capture thread are composed of a viscoelastic glycoprotein glue core that is surrounded by an aqueous layer and supported by aExpand
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