Shannon E Gardell

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Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a lysophospholipid, has gained relevance to multiple sclerosis through the discovery of FTY720 (fingolimod), recently approved as an oral treatment for relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. Its mechanism of action is thought to be immunological through an active phosphorylated metabolite, FTY720-P, that resembles S1P and(More)
The signaling effects of lysophospholipids such as lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) are mediated by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). There are currently four LPA receptors known as LPA(1-4). Genetic deletion studies have identified essential biological functions for LPA receptors in mice. However, these studies have also revealed phenotypes consistent with(More)
The two lysophospholipids (LPs) lysophosphatidic acid and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) regulate diverse biological processes. Over the past decade, it has become clear that medically relevant LP activities are mediated by specific G protein-coupled receptors, implicating them in the etiology of a growing number of disorders. A new class of LP agonists(More)
Nerve injury-induced afferent discharge is thought to elicit spinal sensitization and consequent abnormal pain. Experimental neuropathic pain, however, also depends on central changes, including descending facilitation arising from the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) and upregulation of spinal dynorphin. A possible intersection of these influences at the(More)
Descending input from the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) provides positive and negative modulation of spinal nociceptive transmission and has been proposed to be critical for maintaining neuropathic pain. This study tests the hypothesis that neuropathic pain requires the activity of a subset of RVM neurons that are distinguished by co-expression of mu(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a simple phospholipid derived from cell membranes that has extracellular signaling properties mediated by at least five G protein-coupled receptors referred to as LPA(1)-LPA(5). In the nervous system, receptor-mediated LPA signaling has been demonstrated to influence a range of cellular processes; however, an unaddressed(More)