Shannon B. Coleman

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A single gene (Prn-i) that affects scrapie incubation period in mice has been identified. I/LnJ mice have a very long incubation period after inoculation of scrapie prions (200-385 days) and NZW/LacJ mice have a short one (113 +/- 2.8 days). (NZW X I/Ln)F1 hybrid mice had incubation times of 223 +/- 2.8 days indicating longer incubation times were dominant.(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is a potent mitogen for a variety of cells in vitro, but studies on its effects in vivo and its possible role as a natural growth regulator are few. Using slow-release plastic implants, capable of delivering EGF to small regions of the gland over a period of several days, we have shown that EGF reinitiated ductal growth and(More)
Exogenous transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta 1) was shown in earlier studies to reversibly inhibit mouse mammary ductal growth. Using small plastic implants to treat regions of developing mammary glands in situ, we now report that TGF-beta 1 growth inhibition is associated with an ectopic accumulation of type I collagen messenger RNA and protein, as(More)
The efficacy of a newly developed gas chromatography-negative ion chemical ionization-mass spectrometry-selected ion monitoring (GC-NICI-MS-SIM) assay for measuring globin adducts of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and chrysene diol epoxides in human was evaluated. In this pilot study, smokers and nonsmokers were selected as exposed and nonexposed groups. Using(More)
Soft tissue reconstruction using tissue-engineered constructs requires the development of materials that are biocompatible and support cell adhesion and growth. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of macroporous hydrogel fragments that were formed using either unmodified alginate or alginate covalently linked with the fibronectin cell(More)
In culture, cAMP is known to be mitogenic for mammary cells and several other epithelia, but evidence for a similar role in vivo has been only correlative. We have used plastic implants to cause slow release of cholera toxin and other cAMP-active agents to local areas of mammary glands in ovariectomized mice. Elevated levels of intracellular cAMP around the(More)
The present study was aimed at the characterization of the major adducts formed by reaction of the metabolites of [14C]benzene with rat hemoglobin in vivo. Groups of 12-week-old male Fisher rats received i.p. injections of a single dose of 10 mmol/kg body weight or three equal daily subdoses of 3.3 mmol/kg body weight of [14C]benzene. High-performance(More)
EGF, initially demonstrated to be a potent mitogen for a variety of cell types, has more recently been shown to inhibit proliferation of several cell lines. Few studies, however, have addressed the effects of EGF on growth and morphogenesis of tissues in vivo, particularly with regard to EGF as a possible inhibitor. We now demonstrate that EGF treatment of(More)
Gas chromatography-negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry--selected ion monitoring (GC-NICI-MS-SIM) was employed to detect tetramethyl ether derivatives of tetraols formed upon hydrolysis of DNA and globin adducts derived from diol epoxides of benzo[a]-pyrene (BP) and other polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). The tetramethyl ether(More)
Community-based organizations (CBOs) are moving rapidly to provide new health services proven to be health promoting, and importantly, desired by seniors. In particular, evidence-based programs (EBPs) that promote healthy behaviors and proper self-management of health conditions have become a valuable resource to CBOs by complementing formal healthcare(More)